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When to Harvest Bell Pepper? Expert Timing Tips

When to Harvest Bell Pepper? Bell pepper is also called sweet pepper. They are one of the most commonly used vegetables; you can grow them in your garden and in small plant pots.

The tricky part is to know when bell peppers are ripe to be plucked. Here are my best tips to make sure bell peppers are ready to be harvested.

 

When to Harvest Bell Pepper?

When the size of bell peppers is large enough, and they are firm and fully ripened, then they are ready to harvest. The texture of fully ripened bell pepper is soft and sweet in flavor. You can harvest them about 14-17 days after they start fruiting.

When to Harvest Bell Pepper?
When to Harvest Bell Pepper?

 

How to Harvest Bell Peppers

If you have grown bell peppers in a pot or garden, you need a sharp knife or gardening shear to cut them off appropriately.

After the plant has reached its maximum length and attained a firm texture, you can cut the plant from the stem an inch above the fruit and remove it from the plant.

When you're harvesting bell pepper grow from a pot or container, cut the stem an inch from the fruit before removing it
When you’re harvesting bell pepper grow from a pot or container, cut the stem an inch from the fruit before removing it

The amount of Vitamin C and its taste enhances the longer they stay on the vine.

The process of fruiting the plant gets triggered with harvesting. You may pick up small green bell peppers at the end of July.

Fruiting is triggered once you harvest small green bell peppers at the end of July
Fruiting is triggered once you harvest small green bell peppers at the end of July

And another new batch of fruits will be fully grown before winter.

 

The Best Time to Pick Bell Peppers

The Best Time to Pick Green Bell Peppers

The most common type of bell peppers found in the marketplace is green bell peppers. They have an earthy and sweet flavor.

Green bell peppers are less ripe than those of other colors. They are comparatively cheaper than other varieties and require less time to grow adequately.

You can harvest green bell peppers at any stage. However, they are supposed to be about 3-4 inches in size to get enough amount of fruit.

Though you can harvest green bell peppers at any stage, they should be at least 3-4 inches long before picking them
Though you can harvest green bell peppers at any stage, they should be at least 3-4 inches long before picking them

 

The Best Time to Pick Red Bell Peppers

When red bell peppers are allowed to ripe, they turn spicier in taste.

They are known to be the most flavorful bell peppers of all. They require the maximum time to reach their complete, mature stage.

When bell peppers reached mature size is the right time to pick bell peppers according to the University of Minnesota.

You can harvest them when their skin is fully firm in texture. However, it would be best if you waited a long time to harvest fully ripened bell peppers.

As red bell peppers turn spicier the longer you leave them on the vine, harvest them when their skin is firm in texture
As red bell peppers turn spicier the longer you leave them on the vine, harvest them when their skin is firm in texture

But they may also go bad if they remain on the vine for a more extended period of time, so you need to take care of that.

You will get fully ripened bell peppers if you’re successful with this task.

 

The Best Time to Pick Orange or Yellow Bell Peppers

Both yellow and orange bell peppers are edible varieties. They are in transition between their predecessor green peppers and successor red peppers.

They have a short optimal harvesting time, so you need to be vigilant before they change their color to red.

You can cut the stem of the peppers with a knife or shears once the size of the fruit is 4-5 inches long.

Once the yellow bell peppers are 4-5 inches in size, you can harvest them
Once the yellow bell peppers are 4-5 inches in size, you can harvest them

 

How to Increase The Number of Peppers Growing Per Plant

As the pepper plant is a comparatively high-maintenance plant, it will be frustrating if it does not produce enough amount of bell peppers.

These are some of the tips and tactics which will help you to increase the number of bell peppers per plant.

 

1. Use Appropriate Soil

They require well-drained soil to grow well.

Moreover, they prefer rich, loamy, and sandy soil to keep the ground warmer. With that, they require soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.8.

 

2. Mulch the Bell Pepper Plant Well

You are required to mulch the plants with black plastic. This will help them absorb an adequate amount of sunlight and will keep your ground warm.

Since the bell pepper's root system is delicate, it's best to mulch them using black plastic
Since the bell pepper’s root system is delicate, it’s best to mulch them using black plastic

Weeds can harm the delicate root system of the plant. Therefore, they are required to grass clip the bell peppers as they smother the weeds and prevent the plant from being damaged.

 

3. Provide Adequate Sunlight

Bell pepper plants grow well in full sunlight. They need the sun to ripe well.

So, place the plant somewhere it can receive maximum sunlight.

For you to harvest healthy bell peppers, make sure they receive the full sunlight they need
For you to harvest healthy bell peppers, make sure they receive the full sunlight they need

If you live in a scorching climate, then you can use some shade or plant other plants nearby, which will help you to manage temperatures.

 

4. Choose the Right Fertilizer

Choose a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen, as this will increase the plant’s growth rate and not adversely affect the fruiting of the plant.

 

4. Provide Adequate Water

Bell peppers are a water-loving plant, so they require deep watering to grow well. You need to water them for up to one or two inches weekly.

Bell peppers need to receive 1-2 inches of water weekly for them to thrive
Bell peppers need to receive 1-2 inches of water weekly for them to thrive

However, if the plant is placed at an extremely hot temperature, then you need to water it twice a day.

The taste of the fruit turns bitter in dry conditions. However, do not overwater the plant as it may lead to root rot.

 

Frequently Asked Questions about When to Harvest Bell Pepper

A single plant of bell pepper can produce how many fruits?

Bell pepper plant may produce 5-10 fruits per plant. However, some plants may easily produce more than ten fruits per plant. The type of plant, temperature, watering schedule, and success of pollination are some of the key factors which affect the number of fruits per plant.

 

What color of bell peppers is the most nutritious?

Red bell peppers are the most nutritious as they remain on the vine for the most extended period of time. Red bell peppers contain 10-11 times more beta-carotene and 1.5 times more Vitamin C than the other bell pepper varieties.

 

What health benefits do bell peppers have?

Bell peppers are rich in Carotenoids and Vitamin C. They are a perfect addition to a nutritious diet as they reduce the risk of different chronic diseases and are essential for eye health.


Author Bio

Daniel Iseli

Taking care of houseplants and gardening are my greatest passions. I am transforming my apartment into an urban jungle and am growing veggies in my indoor and outdoor garden year-round.