Houseplants keep you happy and even productive at times in your house. Houseplants lighten up your home and bring out the beauty in fascinating ways. An extensive range of plants can be kept as houseplants to fill your house with green and glossy foliage.
Houseplants are also known to clean the air that you breathe as they photosynthesize to keep a check on the carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere. In exchange, they provide us with oxygen, which is essential for our breathing.
Do Houseplants Clean the Air?
Some houseplants clean the air while other houseplants don’t. NASA’s scientific experiment has proved that certain houseplants help maintain the purity of the indoor air. They help to purify the volatile organic compounds (VOC) and other gases like carbon dioxide from the air and provide us with oxygen and clean air to breathe. The roots and the leaves inhale these gases and neutralize them effectively
How Can Houseplants Improve the Air Quality?
Plant function is essential for not only keeping themselves alive but also for humans. Plants carry out photosynthesis, which helps them to maintain the level of gases within the environment.
Humans and plants exhale opposite gases. Humans provide carbon dioxide while plants take in carbon dioxide and give oxygen to humans to breathe.
Most houseplant species belong to the tropical rainforests and adapt to low light levels in our houses.
Phytoremediation is the process that helps the plants to flush out the chemicals, and air toxins present around them.
This is one of the reasons how indoor plants benefit our health. This process also helps to decrease the level of harmful toxins like formaldehyde and benzene.
Plants absorb the toxins and gases (carbon dioxide) and allow a clean and toxin-free environment to breathe.
Process of Transpiration and Stomata
They intake the toxic gases and the vapors into their leaves and roots through the process of transpiration. The openings that absorb these vapors are called stomata.
Even NASA’s study claims that the presence of molds and bacteria reduces by 50-60% with houseplants. They also help to reduce stress and boost your mood.
What Types of Houseplants Purify the Air?
Many houseplants clean the air and maintain a toxic-free environment. But for them to function perfectly, you need to maintain proper plant care.
Devils ivy, also known as the Golden Pothos, is easy to grow indoors. They effectively fight against the toxins present in the air.
They have beautiful foliage and flowers. They do well in small pots and hanging baskets.
Devils Ivy can filter out harmful content like xylene, benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene.
Areca Palm is biologically engineered to maintain carbon dioxide and oxygen levels. They are also known to be the powerhouse of gases.
They help to filter out benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and xylene. Areca Palm is also non-toxic to pets like cats and dogs.
Areca Palm requires a large space to grow indoors.
Snake Plant or Mother-in-Law’s Tongue
The Snake plant is famous for a peaceful sleep at night if kept in a room. The succulent foliage has yellow stripes.
The Snake Plant releases oxygen at night, helping to maintain peaceful breathing at night.
It’s also famous for filtering the air from formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, toluene, and trichloroethylene.
Barberton Daisy is known to have beautiful bloom in the bright shades of orange and red.
It is also useful in cleansing air toxins like formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and benzene. These gases are mostly found in houses where paint and synthetic fibers are present.
Make sure to place Barberton Daisy in natural light and well-moist soil.
English Ivy is a famous climber seen on the walls and trees outdoors. According to NASA research, they take the 1st spot in the purification of air.
They are easy-growing perennial vines that help to reduce air toxins. English Ivy can be placed in the bathroom or even suites.
English Ivy helps to control mold levels in houses.
NASA research had pointed out Money Plant is also useful in cleansing the air. Toxic chemicals and pollutants like benzene, formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene are cleansed.
However, this air purifier is toxic to animals and children. It has lush green, glossy foliage, but if ingested, it can cause irritation and swelling.
Make sure to place them at higher locations away from pets and children.
Chrysanthemums, also known to be mums, are beautiful flowering species that make great decorative plants to keep.
They are also one of the best cleaners to keep in the house. They are considered difficult to grow, but the hard work pays off with colorful blooms.
They help to purify ammonia and benzene. These toxins are emitted by plastic objects and detergents.
NASA research claimed that it put an end to snoring. Although Pineapple Plant doesn’t remove toxins from the air, it still produces a high level of oxygen at night, helping you sleep better.
Pineapple Plant also helps to prevent loud snores at night.
Aloe Vera is a great plant that helps heal burns or any injuries and cleanses the air. It removes toxins like formaldehyde and benzene, which are found in paints and plastic objects.
Dracaena or Dragon Tree
Dracaena Plant, also known as the Dragon Tree due to its red stems, is a useful plant that purifies the air. Dracaena Plants grow up to almost 15 feet long. They take up large spaces in the house.
The toxins removed by the Dragon Tree include trichloroethylene and xylene.
The spiky foliage would be the ones responsible for cleansing the air.
Rubber Plant (Ficus Elastica)
This natural humidifier is not only easy to care for but also helps purify the air. The large foliage performs the cleansing.
The foliage inhales the toxic pollutants and breaks them into harmless gases. Rubber Plant is also useful in destroying bacteria and mold present in the air.
Xylene, benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene are the main toxins removed by Rubber Plants.
Frequently Asked Questions
How many houseplants are needed to clean the air, according to NASA’s Clean Air Study?
According to the NASA research studies, almost 15-18 plants purify the air for 1800 square feet area. That means that there should be about one plant per 100 square feet of floor space.
Are purifying plants better than the air-purifiers?
Although plants have less power than air-purifiers, they are natural, in-expensive, and improve our mood and productivity.
Is it OK to have houseplants in the bedroom?
Houseplants don’t have any adverse effect on an individual’s health. Some houseplants produce oxygen that helps to sleep peacefully. The only factor that matters would be choosing the right type of plant to place in the bedroom.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.