Orange Jasmine, scientifically known as Murraya paniculata, is an evergreen shrub native to Southeast Asia and some parts of Australia. The shrub can be grown as a hedge or in a variety of thicket styles.
It blooms with fragrant white flowers that give off a sweet scent. When allowed to grow free, Orange Jasmine plants can grow up to be 7-meter tall trees.
Because of their small flowers and bright colored fruit, they make for excellent Bonsai material.
Orange Jasmine Care
A well-draining mix high in organic matter is best for growing Orange Jasmine. It can do well in bright indirect light or direct sunlight in the morning but protect it from harsh sunlight. Water deeply when the top 2 inches of soil get dry. Ideal growing temperatures are between 65-90°F (18-32°C).
Murraya Paniculata likes to grow in well-draining organic soil. The soil shouldn’t stay water-logged and should be free of nematodes. You can use regular house plant potting mix for potting your Orange Jasmine. The plant can tolerate soil that is slightly on the acidic side, from pH levels 6.5-7.5.
When planting an Orange Jasmine plant outdoors to grow as a bush or hedge, you must ensure that the area does not get waterlogged very often and does not stay soggy.
You must also not let any plant debris or organic matter lay around on the soil around the Orange Jasmine plant. Mulched soils can invite a nematode infestation which can have a drastic impact on plant health.
When growing Murraya paniculata in pots, you can use a regular houseplant potting mix for this plant. If you feel the soil is too heavy, you can use extra ingredients such as a few parts of sand or organic matter to improve drainage and aeration.
Orange Jasmine plant likes bright indirect light or direct sunlight only for a few hours a day. Protect this plant from harsh midday and afternoon sun. It will thrive if it receives morning sunlight only. The plant can also do well indoors if it gets bright indirect light for 4-6 hours a day.
With dark green foliage, Orange Jasmine plants do not need direct sunlight all day to grow well. On the contrary, they need to be protected from intense sunlight.
Harsh sunlight can cause mild sunburn on its leaves, and their color turns from a dark glossy green to a dull and rough texture.
Prolonged exposure to intense sunlight will also waste the precious flowers as soon as they bloom, preventing the plant from producing fruit.
It is best to grow these plants behind walls to protect them from the harsh sun or under the dappled shade of trees. Murraya paniculata can be grown indoors successfully if they are given a sunny spot next to a window.
Murraya paniculata is a drought-resistant species and will fare really well in dry conditions. However, for best performance and frequent blooms, they need consistently moist soil. Water your Orange Jasmine deeply when the top 2 inches of soil get dry.
When grown in the ground, you should always keep your Orange Jasmine plant well-irrigated to encourage prolonged and frequent blooming.
Although the evergreen bush will tolerate drought-like conditions, it will not bloom when underwatered. Leaves also develop a dull surface with tiny pale-brown spots due to a lack of water.
When grown in pots, give a hearty drink to your Orange Jasmine plant every time the top few inches of the soil get dry.
Water deeply so that all parts of the rootball get wet and the water flows out from the drainage hole. In hot weather, the plant may start wilting when the soil is completely deficient in moisture, leading to physiological damage and stunted growth.
When watering your Murraya Paniculata, make sure you are watering it from below the foliage level. You don’t want water to sit on the leaves for too long.
The plant may develop a fungal infection called sooty mold if leaves remain wet for too long.
Orange Jasmine hails from tropical and sub-tropical regions and likes temperatures on the warmer side. However, this plant will not bloom well if there is too much heat. Ideal growing temperatures are between 65-90°F (18-32°C). If the plant blooms during the night, flowers will dry out in the day.
Maintaining the perfect growing temperatures for an Orange Jasmine plant can be a bit tricky.
While they will stop growing when temperatures fall below 45°F (7°C), they can also not grow well if temperatures are higher than 95°F (35°C).
Moreover, they require the temperature to be between a very narrow limit to bloom well and convert fruit from flowers. If the plant manages to bloom, but then temperatures get too high, the flowers wilt away without bearing fruit.
This plant does not tolerate frost and needs to be overwintered indoors or in a greenhouse for the winter. You can grow this plant outdoors all year if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 10-12.
The tropical evergreen plant needs humidity levels above 40-50% to thrive. They will only maintain prolonged blooms if the humidity stays at an adequate level. However, high humidity coupled with poor ventilation can lead to a range of health problems for this plant.
When you overwinter this plant indoors for the winter, you will have to maintain high humidity for an Orange Jasmine.
There are many methods you can employ to replicate tropical conditions, but misting the plant with water should not be one of them.
Misting plants to provide them the humidity they need is not a very well-proven method for nothing up humidity levels. On the contrary, it can lead to greater harm if the water sits too long on the foliage.
It is recommended to fertilize your Orange Jasmine plants every 3-4 weeks to encourage dark green and glossy foliage and vibrant blooms. Using organic compost is always better than artificial fertilizer. Still, for plants growing indoors or as Bonsai trees, you can use a water-soluble fertilizer.
Fertilizing will help your Orange Jasmine plant stay healthy and maintain attractive foliage.
When growing Murraya Paniculata as a Bonsai tree, the small amount of soil available can soon run out of the nutrients needed to sustain healthy growth.
So, along with repotting every 2 years, you will want to feed your Orange Jasmine Bonsai with an adequate dose of balanced fertilizer.
Murraya Paniculata is an evergreen, medium-sized shrub that can grow as tall as 7m when allowed to grow freely. Foliage is dense and glossy, each leaf comprising of up to 7 leaflets. Clusters of five-leafed white flowers bloom in the growing season. Growth is most vigorous when this plant is young.
Orange Jasmine grows with an upright and spreading, dense crown. When it blooms, it attracts bees and other pollinators and has a strong sweet-smelling scent.
You will not miss the fragrance of Orange Jasmine blooms when you are within 10 meters of the plant.
Growth is most vigorous during spring and late summer. The dark colors of the leaves and the light-colored bark make an excellent contrast when this bush is grown as a Bonsai tree.
As the bush grows into maturity, the base of the trunk grows into beautiful, seasoned shapes and textures.
When growing in pots, Orange Jasmine plants need enough soil volume that it retains water over 2-3 days. Using small pots is not recommended as the soil moisture evaporates very quickly, leaving the plant with a variety of physiological problems. Clay pots are recommended over other pots.
If you’re growing Orange Jasmine Bonsai, and the soil frequently dries up in the summer months, you might notice a gradual decrease in the plant’s health.
When growing in soil that becomes completely deficient in moisture frequently, Orange Jasmine leaves can shrivel, and tiny pale spots start appearing on the leaflets.
This converts the general color and texture of the foliage from dark and glossy green to dull and light green. The growth also becomes stunted until the plant recovers in health.
Adequate drainage is an absolute must for growing Orange Jasmine.
Orange Jasmine plants react very well to pruning, which is why they’re so popular as hedges. Pruning is done during the growing season and to the tips of leaves to encourage vigorous, bushy growth. These plants grow suckers from the base of the trunk. They shall be removed as soon as they appear.
When growing as a hedge or a neat bush, or even as Bonsai, Orange Jasmine plants need regular pruning to be kept in shape.
Fresh leaves can stick out of the foliage mass, and before you know it, your Orange Jasmine bush is all over the place. These plants need pruning almost every 3-4 weeks in tropical and sub-tropical regions.
Hard pruning is best down during early spring or in the rainy season so that new foliage springs right back without the plant facing the risk of dieback.
However, hard pruning can sometimes result in the plant not blooming the following growing season.
Orange Jasmine Propagation
The easiest way to propagate Orange Jasmine plants is through seeds. It can be grown from cuttings but with lower success. Cuttings should be taken from areas with no flower growth and planted in peat, sand, or any suitable rooting medium. Dipping the cutting in rooting hormone can boost results.
Orange Jasmine plants can easily be air-layered in the right season, providing excellent Bonsai material in a jiffy. A Standard air-layering procedure can be followed to propagate this plant.
Whether growing from seed, cuttings, or air-layering, you need to provide a warm and protected environment for the plants to survive the delicate stage.
Place them somewhere warm and shaded and with adequate water. Covering the cuttings or air layering with a plastic bag can help a lot as it mimics a mini greenhouse.
Common Problems with Orange Jasmine
Some nematodes are beneficial for your plants, but some are not. Nematodes stay under the ground and infect the roots of your Orange Jasmine plant.
Nematodes are usually found under mulched soil and can spread viruses to your plant, making them severely sick.
Fighting nematodes away isn’t easy, but you can prevent a nematode infection by buying your plants from reliable sources and using nematode-free soil.
Sooty mold is a black fungus growth that can cover up leaves and block sunlight from reaching the plant. You can efficiently deal with this fungal infection by using neem oil spray a few times a week.
Some pests can leave honeydew on the foliage, which encourages mold growth. Watering the plant at its base and eliminating insects that produce honeydew will also help prevent a sooty mold infection.
Keep it well-watered and keep it protected from harsh sunlight. These are about the two most important care tips you need to follow.
Your Orange Jasmine will reward you with numerous sweet-smelling flowers. Their small-sized flowers and fruits will also look great when this plant is trained as bonsai.
The tiny red fruit hanging from an Orange Jasmine tree replicates the look of a mature fruit tree in nature.
Frequently Asked Questions about Orange Jasmine
Are Orange Jasmine berries edible?
The red-colored Orange Jasmine fruit is not poisonous. But they are also not exactly edible, as there isn’t much to eat. 90% of the fruit body comprises a large seed, and the pulp is rather tasteless.
When does Orange Jasmine bear fruit?
Orange Jasmine plants can bear fruit after they have bloomed, which is most usually in mid-spring or late summer. When not provided the right conditions, these plants will bloom but fail to fruit.
How hard can you prune back Orange Jasmine?
Orange Jasmine plants respond well to pruning. You can hard prune the plant severely, and it will spring back up just fine. But pruning must only be done during the growing seasons of spring and summer. Hard pruning during the dormant season can lead the stems to die back.
Taking care of houseplants and gardening are my greatest passions. I am transforming my apartment into an urban jungle and am growing veggies in my indoor and outdoor garden year-round.