With its round leaves and stylish appearance, Monstera is an eminent plant native to Central America and thrives in tropical forests. This species comes from the Arum family, and the most popular of its kind is Monstera Deliciosa.
According to Chinese legends, these plants represent life and dignity. Beginners find that growing Monstera plants is relatively easy, and the plants proliferate quickly. For ideal growth, it is vital that you repot your Monstera when the need arises.
When to Repot Monsteras?
When you observe that the leaves are drooping or discoloring, it can be an indication that your plant needs fresh soil through repotting. You can repot your Monstera at any time of the year, but doing it before spring arrives is the ideal option. It will allow your plant to rejuvenate and grow healthier leaves in a more generous space. For young Monstera plants, repotting them every year is a good option. Contrarily, the older plants can thrive even if you repot them every two years.
Why Are Monstera Plants So Popular?
Before I dive into the details of repotting, briefly discussing Monsteras would be a good idea. Monstera plants have a rich history and several nicknames due to their attributes.
People often refer to them as “split-leaf Philodendron” or “Swiss-cheese plant.” The plant bears a striking resemblance to Philodendron houseplants, and its leaves are often perforated like cheese.
Many people love Monsteras because these plants are surprisingly similar to some of their favorite items. For example, cheese, breadfruit, and other beautiful houseplants.
Besides, Monsteras have a strong connection with artistic inspiration. You may have noticed them in furniture brochures, clothing patterns, or travel advertisements.
Designers and artists frequently include these masterpieces in their works. Monsteras are also renowned for their large size.
Some people use them to create friendly divisions between two portions of a room. After all, good fences have a reputation for making good neighbors.
Caring for Monstera Plants
Among the common houseplants, Monstera plants are perhaps the easiest to grow. They reward you with an aesthetically pleasing environment without demanding a lot in return. Looking after Monsteras is not a taxing practice, and the benefits are worth it.
They need bright but indirect sunlight, so most people place their pots near windows that filter sunlight. My experience says that placing them outside during winters when the sun is not too bright also keeps them happy.
Monsteras prefer a well-drained potting mix as it fulfills their nutritional needs. Since they like to climb upwards, hanging baskets would not be the best option. You should arrange the soil in a stable pot, so your plants have strong roots and ample space to grow.
Though Monsteras are resilient and can handle cold, it stunts their growth. A moderate temperature is ideal, and mine grow well at an average of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12 degrees Celsius).
What Problems Do Monstera Plants Face?
Monsteras are generally tolerant and stay that way most of the time. However, unfortunately, they are not immune to all the problems faced by plants.
In harsh conditions, like extreme cold or heat, you would notice that the leaves of your beloved plant have started to wilt.
Similarly, when they don’t receive enough water or nutrients, it will affect their appearance. Their leaves may develop more holes than usual and can turn pale yellow or brown. The plant can also suffer from root rot due to overwatering, and it would no longer be capable of supporting itself.
To avoid the problems, you should ensure that the soil is healthy and your plant has optimum growth conditions.
How Can Repotting Help?
Repotting your plant can solve several potential problems. While relocating it, it is recommended to use a somewhat bigger pot. This additional space will encourage Monsteras to grow more leaves and aerial roots.
Sometimes, the plant suffers from a vitamin or mineral deficiency, and the owner cannot tell what ingredient is lacking. Repotting using nutritious soil, including substances like peat moss, can compensate for the deficiency.
The Stages of Repotting Monstera Plants
If you are looking for a step-by-step guide to help you repot a Monstera, follow these instructions.
1. Choosing and Preparing the Pot
Firstly, you need the perfect new pot with drainage holes for your plant. It is best to select a size larger than the last, but make sure you have the room to keep it.
Next, clean and disinfect it. You may use bleach or detergent alongside the water. Cleaning will remove any contaminants it may have. Then, soak clean water in the pot for 4-5 hours.
2. Adding New Soil
Choose a potting mix that is well-balanced. It should have a good ratio of compost, sphagnum moss, and coco fiber or peat moss.
Since Monsteras are tropical and self-supportive, you should refrain from adding bark. Once the mixture is ready, fill half the pot.
3. Handling the Plant
Plants often tend to suffer from stress when you relocate them. So, it would help if you were gentle in dealing with them. As you are working on the new pot, remember to mist the leaves of your Monstera.
If the previous soil is dry to touch, you should also water it. Proceed after you have given it some hours to absorb the water and the soil is ready. Reach out for the stem of Monstera and gently pull it out of the pot.
Finally, it is best to place your plant in the middle of its new pot. This way, new roots can grow in all directions. Make sure you pat the soil surface to even it out.
Add new layers of the mix until your pot is almost full. Your Monstera should be standing upright, at 90 degrees, when you are done.
What is the Best Time to Repot a Monstera?
Young Monstera plants grow rapidly, so they require more care. It includes frequently repotting them to match the growth rate. Most of the species grow new leaves in spring as the weather conditions are ideal. Monstera plants also love the slightly warm sun and showery weather.
Repotting them just before spring arrives will ensure that they can reap benefits from the new and better conditions. For the flowering species of Monsteras, repotting at this time will also encourage the rare blooms.
How Frequently Should You Repot a Monstera?
Repotting boosts growth and has its perks, but it is not a crucial requirement for your plant.
You shouldn’t worry too much about repotting Monsteras that are already thriving and have acquired a considerable size. I have found that repotting my old Monsteras after every two or three years suffices.
However, when they were younger, changing the soil and location every year before spring made them happier.
Safety Measures and Precautions for Repotting a Monstera
Before you learn and practice the steps for repotting, you must know adequate safety measures. You should note that Monstera plants are mildly toxic. Though adults can tolerate them, pets and children should maintain a safe distance.
Repotting includes continuous and close interaction with the plant. So, you should remember to wear gloves at all times. It applies whether you are lifting the plant from its old pot or preparing the new soil.
Always ensure that there is no immediate contact with your skin. It is best if you also cover your arms, legs, and neck.
If you plan to prune some of its stems and leaves, you should also wear goggles to protect your eyes.
Frequently Asked Questions about repotting Monstera Plants
Where should I place my new pot when repotting a Monstera?
It is best if you place it where it receives maximum indirect sunlight. Some good choices would be putting it near a window or in a shaded part of the patio.
What happens if I don’t use gloves when repotting a Monstera?
You may face an allergic reaction or mild irritation. It can give you itchy, red, or swollen skin. If you experience it, you should discontinue repotting and see a doctor.
Can I repot my Monstera in winter?
It is not advisable to repot your plant in winter due to unsuitable weather conditions.
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Daniel has been a plant enthusiast for over 20 years. He owns hundreds of houseplants and prepares for the chili growing seasons yearly with great anticipation. His favorite plants are plant species in the Araceae family, such as Monstera, Philodendron, and Anthurium. He also loves gardening and is growing hot peppers, tomatoes, and many more vegetables.