The fig tree is one of the most versatile trees, serving as famous indoor flora and a fruit-bearing plant.
It also adapts to a variety of climates, such as the warm climate of the Mediterranean to the slightly cooler temperatures of Europe.
Like all life on the planet, the tree can suffer from illnesses caused by viruses or pests.
Therefore, to ensure that the fig tree reaches its optimal lifespan, it becomes prudent that you take care of it.
How Can You Save a Dying Fig Tree?
To save a dying fig tree, you have to locate the cause of the issue and try to rectify the problem. Rectification might involve changing its location to a place with more sunlight or better soil drainage. You can also visit a trained arborist to consult on how to best care for your fig tree.
How To Save a Dying Fig Tree
Following these guidelines might help your dying fig tree to recover.
Identify the Problems Affecting the Tree
The first step involves identifying the cause of the illness. In the case of signs such as brown spots, several reasons might be behind it, so careful analysis of the causes is necessary.
The analysis can both be time and energy-conserving as you can rectify the problem efficiently.
Brown spots that appear and spread outwards at the middle of a leaf can be a sign of overwatering and may subsequently lead to root rot.
However, brown spots on the leaves’ edge may mean underwatering.
Droopy, curling, and excessive leaf loss are mostly a sign of an underwatered plant.
However, with the appearance of holes in leaves, pests are the most likely culprits and may require the assistance of an expert arborist.
Adjust Your Tree Watering Schedule and Amount
Water intake, with regards to plants, is one of the significant causes of plant illnesses.
Underwatering is the intake of less water than necessary for a plant’s survival, whereas overwatering is the excess uptake of water by the plant.
Underwatering is the cause of the browning of leaves, droopy and curling leaves, excessive leaf loss, and eventual death of a plant, as water is the most crucial need of a plant.
Overwatering leads to the suffocation of roots. The suffocation of roots causes the death of plant cells in the roots hence causing root rot, a fatal disease to plants and trees.
To mitigate the issue of watering your tree during your absence, it is best to invest and purchase an automated water pump.
You can set the frequency, time, and amount of watering, ensuring your tree gets the optimal levels of water.
Manage Fertilizer Use
Fertilizers are substances that are added to trees to increase their productivity by supplying essential nutrients.
For the healthy growth of a tree, a sufficient amount of specific fertilizers is needed to supplement some mineral deficiencies in the soil.
An example of one such fertilizer is the Slow-Release Fertilizer by Perfect Plants that has an NPK value of 16-5-11.
The deficiency of certain minerals in the soil is a known cause of stunted plant growth as well as the yellowing of leaves.
Therefore, supplementing the plants with the relevant minerals through the use of fertilizers should rectify the problems while promoting the tree’s health.
However, the excess usage of fertilizers produces a detrimental effect on the tree.
Application of high-release fertilizers to the soil burns the roots of trees and burns the leaves when applied as a foliage spray; hence might lead to the eventual death of the tree.
The best way to utilize fertilizers involves taking soil samples to your local agriculturist so that they can identify the missing nutrients and determine the amount and type of fertilizer you should use.
Transplant the Dying Tree to a Better Environment
The location of your tree might be a cause of the afflictions. For example, this might manifest itself through reduced sunlight exposure or poor soil drainage.
The best remedy for this issue is transplanting the tree.
Transplantation involves moving the tree from one place to another to take advantage of better soil characteristics and sunlight exposure.
Transplanting can be carried out through the following steps:
- Determine the root ball size
- Water the soil
- Dig a new area
- Trench around the tree roots
- Transport the tree
- Plant the tree and protect it from transplant shock
Consult Verified Professionals
In severe issues such as pest infestation and diseases, it is in your best interests to visit an arborist.
An arborist is a professional concerned with the cultivation, management, and study of trees and woody plants.
An arborist can identify the signs of an illness and deduce its causes, such as bacteria and viruses.
From this information, the arborist can recommend the best measures as well as tips on how to nurse or maintain your fig tree’s health.
Characteristics of a Dying Fig Tree
An ailing fig tree usually exhibits signs of undergoing stress either from a disease or a pest infestation.
Identifying and understanding the causes of these signs can help you nurse your tree back to life and prevent tragedy.
A dying fig tree will manifest some or all of these signs and symptoms:
- Browning of the leaves – usually a sign of both underwatering and overwatering
- Stunted growth
- Smaller new leaves
- Yellowing of the leaves
- Curling of the leaves
- Droopy leaves
- Excessive leaf loss
- Foliage with holes
Importance of Fig Trees
Understanding a fig tree’s importance can enable you to nurse your tree better rather than uproot it.
Sone of the fig tree’s benefits to the ecosystem include:
- They promote soil conservation by stabilizing the soil
- Fig fruits produced by some species provide food to both humans and animals
- Have a high aesthetic value hence its popularity as an indoor plant
- The fig tree provides shelter and shade to birds and animals
- They easily adapt to a variety of climatic conditions
- The tree’s barks, roots, and leaves have medicinal value
Frequently Asked Questions About How To Save A Dying Fig Tree
What are some diseases that affect a fig tree?
Fig Rust and Root knot nematodes are the most common diseases affecting fig trees. Fig rust is a fungus that causes the leaves to change color to brown-yellow and then finally drop. Root knot nematodes. This disease is caused by roundworms that cause swollen galls that block the root system, causing the fig tree’s eventual death.
How can you speed up the fig tree’s recovery?
You can clean the leaves and place the tree in an area with good soil drainage and aeration.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.