Pepper needs water as every other crop does. However, you should be extra careful. If you over or under hydrate them, they can die.
Many gardeners find it challenging to grow these hot plants to maturity. But I like a challenge!
I have to admit that no plant gave me this much headache when it came to watering. However, I mastered the craft of watering peppers, and so can you.
This article will give you information on how often to water pepper plants and everything else you need to know.
How Often To Water Pepper Plants?
Water pepper plants once a day during spring and fall. During summertime, you can water them up to two times per day. Keeping to this routine avoids overwatering, which could kill the pepper plants.
The Number Of Times To Water A Pepper Plant
Container pepper plants can be watered once every 24 to 48 hours. It can be during the fall or spring when the weather is stable.
However, when the temperatures are high during the summer season, you should water at least twice a day.
Temperatures around 18 degrees Celsius mean that you should water once a day. But if temperatures are above 28 degrees Celsius, consider watering your plants two times every 24 hours.
However, you do not need temperatures to figure out if your pepper plants need water. I make sure the soil’s dry first.
Even if the temperatures are high, and the soil is still soggy, wait a few more hours to hydrate your plant.
If you are overwatering your pepper plants, they will show you some signs, such as turning yellow around the leaves. Why?
As stated earlier, overwatering drains nutrients around the roots, which prevent them from reaching the leaf system.
The Amount Of Water A Pepper Plant Needs
As we mentioned earlier, you should try to find a balance between giving these plants too much water and too little of it.
While they need hydration to grow well, overwatering can lead to their death. This is a mistake I made that cost me almost all my pepper plants.
The first time I watered these plants, I overwatered them. This led to stunted growth and they eventually died.
According to my research, excessive watering forms a wet and humid environment for the plant, opposite to the dry climate that it thrives in.
This wet humid environment proves best for some pests and diseases. Overwatering also removes the nutrients found in the root system, which prevents absorption.
Lastly, it prevents the absorptions of oxygen by the roots. Oxygen is necessary for many processes during plant development, including the transportation of nutrients.
Time of the Day Best to Water Pepper Plants
Morning hours are the best time to water pepper plants. This is because the heat from the sun will dry out any excess moisture and prevent the soil from becoming soggy.
Night-time watering can be dreadful for your pepper plants. It can lead to overwatering and later development of diseases and fungi.
Keep in mind that these plants only need to have moist surroundings, not a lot of water.
However, you can put other liquid nutrients at any time of the day. The recommended time is during the night so that your plants can have enough time to absorb all of them.
If you add these nutrients during the day, the water may evaporate and make it hard to absorb.
What Happens When You Overwater Pepper Plants
Blossom end rot is a result of overwatering in these plants. To avoid this in my pepper plants, I only water after the soil shows a sign of drying.
I have to keep monitoring them now and then to ensure they have adequate moisture.
If the plants are wilting, look at the soil. Is it dry?
If you are not sure, use your finger. Dip it in the soil next to the roots, and if it comes out dry, it is time to water your plants.
If you feel some dampness in the soil, you don’t need to water your plants.
How to Tell if the Plant is Dry
There are a few ways that can let you know when the plant is dry.
Feeling The soil
It is a simple method that will let you know if the soil around your plant needs water. As stated earlier, use your finger to feel the soil and push it under the surface about an inch level.
If your finger comes out dry, your pepper plant’s already thirsty.
Look At The Leaves
Leaves start wilting if your pepper plant is excessively dry. They are also delicate to touch.
Once you notice this, water your roots immediately. It means that the plant is almost completely dried out.
Use a moisture Meter
A moisture meter can help you keep track of moisture levels, especially if you are growing outside. It is an inexpensive method that lets you know the water level through electricity conduction.
When the meter reads dry, it’s finally the right time to water them.
Does Watering Affect Pepper Heat: The Answer
All types of hot peppers do not have the same level of heat. Factors such as water, weather, and other conditions affect the heat in peppers.
If the peppers are overwatered, the plants struggle, and it reduces the heat. The higher the amount of water, the lesser the capsaicin production, which means ‘cooler’ peppers.
If you want extreme hot peppers, let your plant dry out until leaves wilt before starting the watering process again.
Frequently Asked Questions about How Often to Water Pepper Plants
Do Pot-Grown Peppers Need More Water Than Ground-Grown Peppers?
Peppers in the land don’t require frequent watering. Pots and containers can fry out at a faster rate compared to land. The best thing to do at this point is check for the soil’s dryness through a finger test. If your finger is dry after this, water your plants.
Does Underwatering Lead To Hotter Peppers?
Capsaicin production in plants is affected by the amount of water that goes into the plant during growth. If you wait until the plants wilt to water your plants, it will give you spicier chili peppers.
Pepper watering can be tricky. Overwatering them can lead to death.
But with the proper technique, you can have a healthy bunch of hot peppers.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.