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What to Plant in April? Ooh!

What to Plant in April? Ooh!

Spring has already started in most regions in April, and it’s a busy month. But it’s also the favorite month of the year for gardeners as the soil starts to get warmer. 

This means it’s time to start your garden for the coming year, and even the plants started indoor can be taken to the garden. The risk of frost is also over in most gardening zones. 

There is a long list of flowers, fruits, vegetables, and evergreens that can be planted in April. I’m also sharing few extra tips for a successful April plantation. 

 

What to Plant in April

Vegetables that you can plant in April include broccoli, kale, onions, carrots, corn, beets, and berries. For the flowering types, lilies, pansies, sunflowers, begonias, and cosmos can help you get that colorful vibe for your April garden.

 

Vegetables

 

Broccoli

Broccoli

Broccoli has been grown for more than 2000 years, and it’s one of the healthiest green plants to grow in your garden. 

This plant from the Cabbage family can be started indoors, and you can easily transfer it to the garden after 3-4 weeks of growth. 

I would recommend sowing the seeds in soil pellets or a seed-starting mixture. 

This veggie takes a lot of time to reach maturity, so starting it in April will help you save time. 

 

Kale

Kale

Kale or the leaf cabbage also comes from the cabbage or Brassica family. It’s both an ornamental and edible houseplant. 

Kale needs lots of sunlight, so keep them under grow lights for about 14 hours if grown indoors. 

This plant does not grow well in extremely hot weather, so mulch the area to keep the soil cool. The optimum temperature range for growing Kale is 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (16 to 21 degrees Celsius). 

The Kale grown in cold weather also has a better taste compared to the one in warm weather. 

This cool-weather plant can tolerate winter temperatures of 20 degrees Fahrenheit or -6.7 degrees Celsius. But if the temperature is lower than this, provide cold protection. 

 

Onions

Onions

Onion is a common vegetable, but this genus is the largest plant genera on our planet with 600-920 species. Onions are an easy crop, but they require patience.  

They are related to shallots, chives, and garlic. They are cultivated for their edible and medicinal uses. The best time to plant this nutrient-rich vegetable is in mid-spring. 

This vegetable needs alkaline soil for the best growth. Sweet onions, red onions, yellow onions, and white onions are the four main types of onions which further have several sub-varieties. 

The bulb is produced after experiencing a cold period. Onions will also grow flower spikes, but they should be pruned. 

You need to watch out for onions bolting, onion fly, and onion white rot. 

 

Carrots

Carrots

This root vegetable is native to Southwestern Asia and Europe. Carrots exist in yellow, purple, orange, white, and red colors, but the orange variety is the most common one. 

Homegrown carrots are not only flavorful but also an easy crop. 

The carrot seeds can be planted in the garden bed as soon as the soil is warm and workable. This is a cold-hardy crop, so you can sow the seeds few weeks before the last frost of the season. 

Make sure you side-dress the soil with a vegetable fertilizer after two weeks. The fertilizer should be low in nitrogen but high in potassium and phosphorus. 

Carrots need deep watering; otherwise, you will end up with shallow carrots. Depending on the varieties, carrots will mature in 2-4 months. 

 

Corn

Corn

You might have never heard about corn growing indoors, but luckily they can be started indoors. But you need to make sure that the corn is started indoors four weeks before transplanting them outside. 

You can use a peat-based mixture in seed trays or pot cups. The seeds should be left in a sunny area. 

The seeds germinate within a week. If you have covered the seeds with a plastic bag, remove the bag after germination. 

Just remember that the optimum temperature for corn growing indoors is 70 degrees Fahrenheit or 21 degrees Celsius). 

 

Beets

Beets

This bright-colored cool-season crop is a great addition to any vegetable lovers’ garden. 

Beets can be planted in the garden because of their frost-hardy nature. But if you want a safe growing option, I would suggest starting the seed indoors.

There are many different varieties to try, and most of them are ready to be harvested within 40 to 80 days.  

 

Berries

Berries

Strawberries, blackberries, and raspberries can be planted in April. 

In fact, most growers believe that planting these summer crops earlier in spring enhances the flavor of the berries.  

 

Flowers

If you have not already planted some flowers, now is the best time to do it. 

Summer bedding plants and hard annuals should be sown in April for an early start. You can sow the seeds indoors to protect them from frost. 

Sowing your own seeds in April will also save you some money as these plants are expensive to buy. The indoor seeds should be kept in a mini greenhouse or near a sunny windowsill. 

 

Lilies

Lilies

Lilies are a must-have summer flower, and they can tolerate a wide range of climates. 

They have special meaning in the Chinese and Greek culture. There are at least 80 to a hundred varieties to try. 

The lilies will bloom in autumn, summer, and spring. Once the blooms are spent, you have to perform deadheading. 

Lilies planted in pots will need more water than the lilies growing in the garden soil. 

This plant will reach its maximum size within one year. The basal rooting lilies should be planted 2-3 inches deep and the stem rooting varieties should be planted 6-8 inches deep in the soil. 

 

Pansies

Pansies

Pansies are hybrid species that are now common in flower gardens. The large blooms are in different shades of white, blue, or yellow. 

You can also try the tri or multicolored varieties to enjoy the cool season blooms. 

Regular watering will keep the blooms fresh and soft, but make sure the soil is not soggy. 

Pansies flourish during cool night temperatures, so April is a great month when the weather is still cool. If you provide adequate care, they can also handle frost and bloom throughout winter.

Pansies are ready to be planted in the garden when the soil temperature remains between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit (7.2 and 18.3 degrees Celsius). 

Regular feeding and mulching will help the blooms last longer. 

 

Sunflowers

Sunflowers

Sunflowers are cultivated for their big flowers and seeds. These daisy-like flowers are annual, and there are about 70 species to grow in your garden. They bloom from summer to fall.

You can plant the sunflower seeds in pots in April. But they achieve their maximum height when grown in the ground, so transfer them to the garden soil when the frost is over. 

They will require regular watering and sunlight. 

 

Begonias

Begonias

Begonias are loved for their long flowering season and the large flowers and foliage. They come in many colors, so you can mix and match varieties to enjoy different colors.

If you are starting the Begonias in April, you can plant them directly in garden soil. Planting them in a shady corner is best because they will get the morning sun and the afternoon shade. 

These flowering plants love warmth, so they will flourish when the daytime temperature is around 75 degrees Fahrenheit (23.8 degrees Celsius). 

Do not let the temperature drop below the 50-degree Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) mark.

Begonias are vulnerable to rotting, so it’s best to water them at the base. Deadheading is a must for these plants as it helps them produce new buds and keep blooming continuously. 

 

Cosmos

Cosmos

Cosmos are the easiest summer plant, and they should be started indoors in seed pots in April. 

The flowers not only look beautiful in the garden but will also stay fresh for up to 5 days in a vase. These flowers resemble daisies, and they come in red, yellow, pink, orange, white, and maroon. 

The dwarf cosmos will reach a mature size of 2 ft, whereas the tall cosmos will reach 6 ft. You will have to stake the tall varieties to help them grow upright. 

 

Tips for April Gardening

  • Increase the watering frequency or quantity for your plants as most plants start coming out of dormancy this month. 
  • Protect all fruits, veggies, bulbs, in other words, everything growing in your garden from frost damage. 
  • April is the best month for not only planting, sowing seeds but also cleaning the garden. You should get rid of all the fall, winter debris, and weeds in your garden to prepare it for the coming season of growth. 
  • Prepare your garden soil for outdoor plantation as many indoor plants will be moved outside during this time. Enrich the soil with manure and compost. 
  • Among all the excitement about a fresh new garden, you might start noticing some bugs in your plants. As the weather gets warmer in April, most pests are also activated. So April is also the month for pest treatment for bugs hiding during winter. 
  • Pay close attention to your lawn in addition to the houseplants. April is the right time for reseeding the lawn to cover bald patches. 
  • You should also perform maintenance tasks for plants already growing in the garden. Prune the fruit trees before they start producing fruit.