Orchids are great additions to any garden, especially because of the flowers.
Apart from the beauty, the orchid flowers also offer a good fragrance. The flowers bloom from the stem part known as flower spikes.
Spikes are parts of the stem where flower buds and flowers grow.
Orchids usually grow their new spikes up to twice a year. However, many people uproot the orchids once the spikes stop growing.
Also, the spikes may be damaged for many reasons. The main one is withering after the flowers are done blooming.
Orchids bloom once or twice a year. The type of orchid you are growing determines how easy or difficult it is to have it bloom.
Out of all the orchid varieties, Phalaenopsis orchids easily grow new spikes and rebloom at home.
How To Make An Orchid Grow A New Spike?
To help orchids grow new spikes keep them in a bright location with indirect sunlight, fertilizing the orchid, cut off the withered spikes, water adequately, and inducing the blooming in winter.
How To Make an Orchid Grow a New Spike
There are various steps I need to take to help my orchids to grow new spikes and rebloom:
1. Fertilize Monthly
Use an orchid fertilizer about once a month to fertilize the orchids after they drop the last flowers.
It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using fertilizer to avoid harming my plants and ensuring they are in their best health.
Also, remember to keep the orchid in a location that offers bright and indirect light.
2. Cut the Flower Spike
We have the option to cut or leave orchid flower spikes to be.
There are three options for cutting my orchid spikes.
- I can leave the spike without cutting because there is a chance that the flowers will bloom again.
- Use sterilized clippers, razor blades, or sharp scissors to cut the spike at an angle between the third and fourth node from the bottom. This method only works for the phalaenopsis orchids. Also, there is half a chance that it will help my spikes sprout.
- Fully cut the flower spike with razor blades, sharp scissors, or sterilized clippers. Clip the spike half an inch from the plant’s base. It’s the best approach since it helps my plant to reset and develop stronger roots. I also need to apply this method if the spike turns brown and yellow. If I have orchid species other than phalaenopsis, I may need to cut off the spike at the base.
3. Water Regularly
I also need to water my orchids as per the instructions on the care tag.
A standard-sized phalaenopsis needs watering every 10 to 14 days, while mini phalaenopsis need water every 7 to 10 days.
Watering my orchids less is usually better. Ensure the orchid’s potting medium is almost dry before watering it to prevent overwatering and product systems.
4. Wait for New Leaves To Grow
We need to wait for about a few months after cutting the flower spike before the spiking starts.
A new fully grown leaf shows that my orchids are recovered and are ready to bloom.
The new leaves are usually as big or even bigger than the other leaves on the orchids.
5. Expose the Plant to Low Temperatures
My orchids need low temperatures to develop new flower spikes. Ensure that they are at room temperature at night ranges from 55-65 degrees Fahrenheit.
I may also want to place the plant close to a window away from the heater. I’ve got a better chance of producing flower spikes in the winter.
6. Lookout for a New Flower Spike
A new flower spike develops after a month or so. At first, it looks like an aerial root.
After the Orchard starts to develop spikes, I can return it to a location with a room temperature of about 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and indirect light.
The Orchid will grow tall after a few more months and develop new flowers.
I may need to use a steak and a loose tie to support the orchid after the spike gets about 5 inches tall.
Try adjusting the location of my choice if I don’t get a flower spike few months later. It could be because it lacks enough light or cool temperatures.
How To Identify the Orchid Spike
I need to identify my flower spike first before I can help it grow. It is useful, especially when I have to cut off the withering spikes.
Also, people often confuse them with aerial roots.
The orchid spikes easily grow on the sides of their plant. The sprout in between the leaves is under and above each of the leaves.
Also, they have a pointy and thin shape and usually look like a mitten.
Orchid spikes also have a green color and the roots and do not have the glossy appearance which aerial roots have.
If I have phalaenopsis orchids, their flower spikes will appear in autumn or winter when the temperatures are low.
Moreover, orchid spikes usually grow towards the source of light, unlike the aerial roots, which incline in all directions.
The new sprouts of the orchard spikes have a pointy tip, unlike the aerial roots, which have a rounded tip.
Frequently Asked Questions About How To Make An Orchid Grow A New Spike
How long do orchids grow a new spike?
Orchids are a bit slow to develop new spikes. It takes about 2 to 3 months for the orchids to develop new spikes. The rate of development will mainly depend on light and temperatures.
How do I get multiple spikes on my orchids?
Trim the current stems of the orchids to help them develop multiple spikes.
Why are my orchids not reblooming?
The main reason for orchids failing to rebloom is the lack of sufficient light. I will know that there is insufficient light if the leaves change color.
Orchids have attractive flowers with a beautiful fragrance.
However, after the blooming, the flower spikes may wither, and I may want to help the orchids rebloom rather than get rid of the plants.
Trimming the withering orchid spikes almost at the base is the best way to help my orchids rebloom.
Also, try to expose the plants to cool temperatures and indirect lighting.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.