The Dracaena Reflexa, endemic to Madagascar, Mauritius, and other islands of the Indian Ocean, is yet another specie of the large Dracaena population.
It was first introduced in 1786 by Jean-Baptist Lamarck and has now become a common ornamental houseplant.
Filtered indoor light or a semi-shaded spot is ideal for growing your Dracaena Reflexa plant. Talking about the water requirement, your plant requires very little water compared to other indoor plants; therefore, add water only when the soil dries out. I
t grows amazing in a temperature range from 65 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 25.5 degrees Celsius). Fertilize your plant in spring and summer when it is actively growing.
Dracaena Reflexa is a popular species of Dracaena, commonly known as the Song of India or Pleomele.
The genus name is drawn from the Greek word ‘drakaina,’ which means a female dragon. NASA used Dracaena Reflexa in its Clean Air Study plan to demonstrate its ability to eliminate formaldehyde.
The leaves are the biggest appeal of this visually impressive houseplant. The yellow lines depicted on the narrow pointed leaves cannot be overlooked. This adaptable, indoor houseplant thrives in a patio or a partially shady outdoor field.
This houseplant goes by many names in the market; the common ones are Dracaena Reflexa Song of India and Song of Jamaica. It has about 13 accepted varieties that produce thick leaves and irregular stems.
- 1 Dracaena Reflexa Plant Care
- 1.1 Common Problems for Dracaena Reflexa
- 1.2 Tips for Growing Dracaena Reflexa
- 1.3 Frequently Asked Questions about Dracaena Reflexa
- 1.4 Conclusion
Dracaena Reflexa Plant Care
Dracaena Reflexa thrives in a well-drained, loamy potting mix with plenty of organic materials. It is a good suggestion to mix in some compost or peat moss before planting your Dracaena Reflexa. Your container should also have proper drainage at the bottom so water does not get trapped in its soil.
The ideal potting soil is a blend of one part peat moss, one-part houseplant soil, and one part perlite. This soil mix offers essential nutrients as well as allows fast and easy drainage.
Dracaena Reflexa requires less water than most indoor plants do. Keep your Dracaena Reflexa hydrated by misting the leaves with water and keeping the soil lightly moist. Always let the topsoil to dry out prior to watering.
Do not overwater, as it may possibly trigger root rot. Soggy soil is the least favorite condition for this plant.
Sagging or yellowing leaves can suggest overwatering or poor drainage, but do not stress about the fact that your bottom leaves start yellowing and dropping. Dracaena can usually dump old/mature leaves to produce new ones.
These plants are susceptible to fluoride that is usually present in tap water; it is, therefore, important to use filtered water.
The fluoride toxicity is clearly visible by leaves with dark brown, dead areas, and yellow edges. Dracaena Reflexa should be watered extra in the development stage and less during the fall or winter when they are inactive.
Dracaena Reflexa is perfectly suited for indoor lighting. It is able to withstand extreme, medium, and low light levels.
Direct sun will result in scorched blade ends, while too little light could result in faded or curled leaves. Preferably it can do best in moderate light, so it is advantageous to put it in artificial light sources during the day for substantial periods of time.
High light works, but water needs also increase. In high light, the danger of pests infection may also increase. While Dracaena Reflexa is a low-light hardy, it achieves the best growth with a few hours of bright sunlight.
Dracaena Reflexa prefers temperatures ranging from 65 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 25.5 degrees Celsius) throughout the day.
Cooler nights are good for flower growth, but very cold temperatures or levels below 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12.7 degrees Celsius) can damage the plant.
Ensure that your Dracaena Reflexa is kept away from the heating or cooling units.
Dracaena Reflexa would want a little more humidity than you probably have inside your house since they are indigenous to subtropical climatic conditions.
That being said, Dracaena Reflexa can often be adapted to standard room humidity. In warm regions, it is the healthiest outdoors, where it admires the moist environment.
When Dracaena Reflexa is planted in areas with too low humidity, the leaves can become brown and ultimately decline.
If you think your Reflexa plant is not receiving adequate moisture, you can elevate the humidity in your house by putting a humidifier close to the plant.
You can also position your Dracaena Reflexa plant on a narrow platter of pebbles with water covering the pebbles.
As the water evaporates, it will offer extra moisture for your Dracaena Reflexa. Misting the leaves of your Dracaena Reflexa every few days will also aid it to flourish.
Dracaena Reflexa does not need very much fertilizer, in particular, if they are planted in peaty soil with a lot of organic substance.
The safest approach to feed your Dracaena Reflexa is to use a thin layer of compost all around your plant in the early spring. Roughly a quarter to a half-inch of manure will generally fulfill the needs.
I like using houseplant fertilizer; just feed your Reflexa once every 2 weeks in summer and spring. Reduce the fertilizer use in the fall, and stop feeding your Reflexa plant entirely in the winter.
Applying too much compost or fertilizer can burn the Dracaena’s roots.
You will only need to repot your Dracaena Reflexa plant every few years because it is an exceptionally slow grower.
When you repot, make sure to use fresh potting soil, give your Dracaena Reflexa a lot of new areas to develop into, and let it have a little bit of additional sunlight for a few days.
Avoid the urge to overwater your Dracaena Reflexa when repotting. Wait for five to seven days prior to watering it in the new pot and soil, or it may face drooping or yellowing leaves.
You can also divide and repot it in a moist sand pot or a glass of water. Place the cane in a large container filled with potting soil when the roots are established.
Dracaena Reflexa can grow very big, but when necessary, they’re simple to cut off. Use a sharp, clean knife or cutters to prune your plant for better results when it is actively grown in spring or summer.
It’s a good idea to dip the knife blade into the water and little bleach earlier so that no plant diseases are transferred.
As you prune, cut the stems called canes at a single point. Start by removing any wounded canes and dead or infected leaves.
Make use of clean, sharp pruners to prune because weak cuts can increase the chances of diseases. Wear gloves and protective goggles to keep yourself safe as Dracaena Reflexa are toxic plants.
You can effortlessly propagate Dracaena Reflexa from cuttings.
- You can take cuttings from the highest point of the plant or from the stem.
- If you’re using top cuttings, cut the Dracaena Reflexa with pruning shears along the leaf line of the plant. Choose a piece that contains multiple stem nodes.
- If you are taking stem cuttings, cut a huge slice of the stem, take sections that are about 8 inches long and that have a few leaf nodes on them.
- Scrub the bottom side of the cuttings with rooting hormone. This step is not obligatory, but it significantly improves your opportunities for effective propagation.
- Those chances are already quite high because Dracaena Reflexa plants are very effortless to propagate; the rooting hormone does make the procedure quicker and more consistent.
- Position the bottom of your cuttings in moist soil or a container of freshwater.
- Now, place your container in a warm place with a lot of indirect sunlight.
- Once the cuttings grow roots, you can transfer them to a larger, potting mix-filled container.
- In a few days, you will have your young Dracaena Reflexa plant.
Dracaena Reflexa produces panicle flowers as an indoor plant. The flowers are generally very tiny and grouped.
The flowers may not be as evident as they are usually almost white and very strongly scented. Mature flowers can turn dark in shades of red and yellow.
Flowers are occasionally followed by orange-red berries. Flower blossoming is often reflexed (bent downward), therefore the name Reflexa.
The biggest feature of this species is its leaves. These leaves are shiny over the arch and expand up to 12 inches (1 foot) long and a few inches or so wide.
Some of them have seemed to thrive out of hand (especially outdoors) and start looking a bit uneven, which can be resolved by pruning and mentoring their growth.
Normally, Dracaena Reflexa plants reach a height of 156 – 192 inches (13 to 16 feet) tall. The plant rarely grows to a height of 228 inches (19 feet) tall.
They slowly lose the base leaves as the plant gets bigger. Nevertheless, the plant is far shorter when cultivated as an indoor houseplant.
The plant can be grown in nearly any pattern, with the most common one being bush, straight cane, staggered cane, tree form, or custom character forms.
Dracaena Reflexa can grow well outdoors in warmer areas that fall within the USDA plant hardiness zones 10 to 12.
Common Problems for Dracaena Reflexa
Dracaena Reflexa is somewhat pest-free. Fungus gnats can be a concern when planted in compost or bark soil, so use potting or planting without these elements to prevent this from happening.
Scale, aphids, thrips, and mealybugs are pests that occasionally extract sap from Dracaena Reflexa leaves, declining the plant and even killing it. Check below your plant’s leaves, along its trunk, and at its base for these types of insects. More details are given in the section below.
Mealybugs look similar to white, fuzzy, or cottony masses. Attempt blasting mealybugs off with a strong spray of water from the sprayer at your kitchen sink.
If your Dracaena Reflexa plant is outside, wash it with a garden hose. You can also utilize a cotton ball or cotton swab sunk in rubbing alcohol to wipe the bugs. Wash your plant with clean water when you are finished.
Aphids can be green or black in color, with round, translucent features. They trigger leaves to be yellow and frequently leave a sticky discharge on your Dracaena Reflexa.
Wash them off with a fabric dipped in soapy water or apply insecticidal soap.
The scale is tiny tan, dark brown, or white pests with waxy covers. Ecological predators like ladybugs and parasitic wasps can assist in regulating them on outdoor plants.
For indoor plants, use an old toothbrush dipped in soapy water to scrub them off. If the scale continues reappearing, apply an insecticidal spray or horticultural oil following the product’s instructions.
Spider mites are too tiny to be seen without a magnifying glass, but you can suspect they are present if you observe a lot of small brown or yellow points on your Dracaena Reflexa leaves.
They mostly appear during a warm climate. You may find out their eggs beneath the foliage. Try spraying spider mites off with water. If that doesn’t regulate them, apply a miticide, following the brand guidelines.
These little, winged insects can also harm Dracaena Reflexa. They can be washed away with a stream of water, and severely infected leaves must be cut off. Prevent supplying your plant with a fertilizer high in nitrogen, which frequently results in a lot of raw, new growth that invites these pests.
Dracaena Reflexa is often not affected by fungus, but they may suffer from soft rot and leaf spot in the fusarium.
Watering Dracaena Reflexa at the foundation helps in preventing fungal problems. You should not water on their leaflets. Leaf spot can be handled with fungicides, but if your plant has a severe infection, go ahead and discard it because soft rot cannot heal on Dracaena plants.
Tips for Growing Dracaena Reflexa
- Use filtered water as Dracaena Reflexa is sensitive to salts and chemicals found in most tap water.
- In the spring and summer, while the Dracaena Reflexa is keenly developing, feed it with a diluted simple houseplant food.
- Normal humidity of the rooms is pleasant since Dracaena Reflexa is an extremely hardy houseplant, but its native rainforest atmosphere favors higher moisture.
- The best spot for your Dracaena Reflexa is placing it in partial sunlight and not direct sunlight; however, a few hours in the direct sun are great.
- Feed your Dracaena Reflexa with a fertilizer that contains enough nutrients to make your plant happy and healthy.
- Clean your pruning shears to keep your plant disease-free. You can use bleach or alcohol for this.
Frequently Asked Questions about Dracaena Reflexa
Is Dracaena Reflexa toxic?
Dracaenas are poisonous to dogs and cats. Don’t let your animals consume your plant. Poisoning side effects include nausea, losing weight, loss of appetite, and hypersalivation. If your pet has eaten or chewed Dracaena Reflexa, look for medical assistance. In other words, if you have cats and dogs that like to munch on plants, it might not be a plant for you.
Where should I plant my Dracaena Reflexa?
When selecting the appropriate location to plant your Dracaena Reflexa, think about sunlight and humidity. See for a region in your lawn or home that gets just the right amount of light and where the air is not too dry.
How frequently should I water my Dracaena Reflexa?
Dracaena Reflexa does not need a lot of water and is happiest when their soil is kept somewhat moist but never soggy. Water your Dracaena Reflexa about once a week or every other week, letting the soil dry between watering. You can keep your Dracaena Reflexa hydrated by misting its leaves once or twice a week.
How fast do Dracaena Reflexa grow?
Dracaena Reflexa plants grow at a relatively slow pace that varies upon their developing environments. When it is planted in an idyllic atmosphere and cared for well, it flourishes at a moderate pace. While Dracaena Reflexa that are not cared for appropriately may grow very slowly. These tropical plants mature most rapidly in the spring and summer and are resting during the winter months.
Dracaena Reflexa is primarily used as an indoor houseplant and outdoors for landscaping. Sometimes it is used as a sample plant, as an accent plant, or pruned to make a garden hedge.
The leaves and stem of the variety are also mingled with other indigenous plants to make herbal teas.
Like other Dracaenas, these are relatively effortless to care for and grow as it can survive some amount of neglect.
Dracaena Reflexa is an ornamental house plant that can flourish in subtropical environments, where the temperature remains 65 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 25.5 degrees Celsius).
Dracaena Reflexa has a tree-like flourishing design that differentiates it from other house plants and makes it a trendy aspect of interior and exterior design. This plant also benefits the grower by purifying the air, making your home or yard fresh and healthier.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.