Epipremnum aureum is most commonly referred to as the Golden Pothos. The name is associated with the leaves that are a mixture of green and yellow mottling. This houseplant is found in the family Araceae or the flowering plants. Members, such as the Golden Pothos, all share a modified leaf called the spathe. These plants also sometimes give off an aromatic smell to them. In addition to being somewhat stinky, Epipremnum aureum sets itself apart from the rest of the pack with poisonous chemicals. Do not let this deter you, as the Pothos is one of the most sought after houseplants due to its easy care.
“The leaves of a Pothos are generally about 5 inches in length, though they can grow to be bigger in size when allowed to stretch out. This is why many botanists prefer to place them on an upright structure such as a totem or a mantle.”
- 1 GOLDEN POTHOS PLANT CARE SHEET:
- 2 POTENTIAL POTHOS PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
- 3 FIVE TIPS FOR KEEPING YOUR POTHOS ALIVE
- 4 Additional Tips and Tricks
- 5 WHAT DOES THE GOLDEN POTHOS LOOK LIKE?
- 6 POTHOS VARIEGATION
- 7 THE ORIGIN OF THE EPIPREMNUM AUREUM
- 8 ONE PLANT, MANY NAMES
- 9 RELATED QUESTIONS
GOLDEN POTHOS PLANT CARE SHEET:
Soil: If you want to grow your Pothos outdoors, be sure to give it soil that is both productive and moist. An indoor Epipremnum aureum will do best when placed in a pot that has soil that is properly and frequently drained.
|Light: The optimal lighting conditions for Pothos plants are moderate to bright light or fluorescent light.
|Watering: Most of your houseplants may do best when watered frequently. The Pothos is no such organism. In fact, they actually dislike when their roots are inundated with water. The best water management is to water less frequently, waiting until the soil is 1 to 2.5 centimeters down in dryness before watering again. Keep in mind that less water is more beneficial.
|Temperature: The Golden Pothos is truly healthy when kept in a range between 15 and 29 ºC throughout the year. If it suddenly gets cold and dips down to 10 ºC, don’t panic. They will be able to survive small periods of time in lower temperatures. If you live in colder weather, consider keeping your Pothos inside.
|Humidity: Just like the light requirements, these plants are capable of living in an environment with lower humidity. The Pothos is known to prefer higher humidity, but this is not a necessity.
|Fertilizer: In terms of routine feedings, the Pothos plant is a relatively light feeder. Although it is not vital, providing your Epipremnum aureum with the correct fertilizer can make a difference. The colder months such as springtime and the fall need a little more sustenance. This is where a Pothos plant could be fed every two weeks. Colder temperatures in the winter don’t affect the plant much, meaning that you can feed your plant once per month.
|Propagation: If you’re unsure about the practice of propagation, the Pothos is a great species to learn on, as they are incredibly easy. It is best to begin propagation during the spring or summer. By cutting the tips off of the leaves and placing them in water, roots will start to form. Another way you can propagate a Pothos plant is by putting the cuttings into a pot of moist compost to allow them to grow.
|Growth: As you might have guessed, the Pothos plant is not all that particular. They are able to thrive in a number of environments and humidity levels. If you take good care of your Epipremnum aureum, you’ll see that they grow quite quickly when compared among other houseplants. For individuals that are grown outside, they can grow a whole foot in the months between December and May.
|Potting: The only time that the act of repotting needs to take place is when the roots become cramped. This occurs every few years. If you notice that your Pothos is no longer growing around summertime, then consider repotting.|
Caring for your own Pothos can be quite easy when you know the basics. Understanding where these plants came from will explain why they are so resilient.
POTENTIAL POTHOS PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Epipremnum aureum is an easy plant to grow, but there may be times where you see a problem and don’t know how to fix it. We’ve taken the liberty of listing a few of the more common ailments found in these plants and what you can do to solve them.
Problem: Fading Colors in the Leaves
Solution: The Pothos plant is quite talented when it comes to adapting, yet some conditions are just too extreme. If you notice that your leaves are becoming dull, then you may need to move it to a spot with more light.
Problem: Leaves Shift to Yellow and Fall Off
Solution: The yellowing of leaves is often a result of overwatering. The best solution for a Pothos in this state is to check the bottom of your pot. If the drainage ports are free of any blockages, proceed to water your plant less often.
Problem: Leaves Become Translucent or Scorched
Solution: If you can see through the middle section of your leaf, you may want to consider the amount of light that your plant is being exposed to. Scorched leaves can also indicate that your Pothos is in sunlight that is direct. Fix this problem by moving your plant to a room with lower lighting.
FIVE TIPS FOR KEEPING YOUR POTHOS ALIVE
You might be nervous about the livelihood of your new plant. Follow these tips for a healthy addition to the home.
- If inside, place your Pothos in an area that does not have direct sunlight. For plants grown outdoors, provide ample cover.
- Make sure to water this plant every once in a while. Let it completely soak up all of the water before giving it more moisture, as they prefer dryer soil. Avoid making the roots soggy.
- When first planting your new houseplant, fill the pot with potting soil that is able to drain properly. Also occasionally check for blockages.
- Fertilizing a Pothos plant is not critical, but can help keep them healthy. Monthly feedings can be ideal during the winter. In the spring and fall, you may choose to add fertilizer every 2 weeks or so.
- Keep a close eye on the spacing of roots in your plant’s pot. If they seem cramped, you might need to propagate by cutting off the leaf’s edge and placing it in water until a new plant is grown.
Additional Tips and Tricks
Now that you are fully aware of the needs involved in taking care of an Epipremnum aureum, here are a few ways in which your plant can be truly happy and thriving.
• Putting your Pothos plant in a room with minimal direct sunlight can be advantageous. The bathroom or office is great since it typically has low light, which the Epipremnum aureum can handle.
• If you have a coveted variegated plant, chances are that you want to preserve the unique patterning. With higher variation in the coloring, put these plants in a room that is well lit. This will reduce the risk of the leaves becoming duller.
• Some areas have placed the Pothos plant onto the invasive species list. Do your research before investing in these individuals.
WHAT DOES THE GOLDEN POTHOS LOOK LIKE?
The Pothos is a rather interesting plant with heart-shaped, or chordate leaves that continue to unfold as time goes on. The color of the leaves is primarily green with a splash of yellow, white or some hue in-between. Many homeowners spruce up their living space with Epipremnum aureum for its versatility. This plant can be displayed in an assortment of ways such as running up the side of a trellis or hanging in a basket.
This type of houseplant is often desired for its variety in leaf color. Some leaves tend to be completely green while others sport a mottling of white or cream-colored hues. Knowing the different variegations can give you a better idea of the plant you specifically want in your home.
Traditional Golden Pothos
The most popular variety, the Golden Pothos is a heart-shaped leave that is mostly green. A mixture of green and white colors are splashed about unevenly to give it more of that creamy gold appearance. If the proper requirements are met, the leaves will grow large at around 12 inches in width.
Just as with the traditional variety, the leaves are heart-shaped with a blend of green and yellow pigmentation. The difference lies in the shape of the leaf, which is typically narrower. The yellow mottling tends to also be more scattered rather than in blocks.
As the name suggests, the leaf of this variety is a bright yellow-green color. Keep in mind that the leaves become brighter with age. They also tend to grow better in places with more light, as less sunlight will make them appear duller.
Pearls and Jade Pothos
One of the more unique varieties, these leaves has patches of white or silver. The lighter colors tend to hug the edges of the leaf, which are smaller than the other Pothos variegation.
Cebu Blue Pothos
Moving away from the iconic heart-shaped leaves, the Cebu Blue varieties tend to have leaves that are more arrow-like. Unlike the other types, it also doesn’t have white patches or mottling. Instead, the leaves are a green color with a metallic shine.
THE ORIGIN OF THE EPIPREMNUM AUREUM
The Golden Pothos is often confused with another common houseplant, the Common Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum). This is due to the fact that they both are originally native to areas in southeastern Asia. Many believe that it was from the Solomon Islands off of Papua New Guinea. It moved on to other countries because people were fascinated with the colors of the leaves and how quickly it grew. It is now considered an aggressive nonnative invader plant.
ONE PLANT, MANY NAMES
When you go to the botanical store to pick up your new Pothos plant, you may be surprised by how many nicknames one plant alone has. It has also been labeled as the Devil’s Ivy, Solomon Islands’ Ivy, Money Plant, Hunter’s Robe and the Taro Vine.
Why is it called Devil’s Ivy?
The Pothos has a collection of names, just like any other plant. One of them, Devil’s Ivy was given for how quickly it can grow without being killed. In fact, it is so resilient that it will stay green even when deprived of light.
Do Pothos plants clean the air?
This plant is great for air filtration. Some people even regard it as one of the best in terms of keeping your house clean. They do this by absorbing the toxins inside of their leaves.
Why are the leaves on my Pothos plant turning yellow?
If you notice that the leaves are starting to shift to a more yellow hue, it might be related to the water consumption. Remember how the Pothos plant prefers the soil to be slightly dry rather than drenched? When overwatered, they tend to show it through the coloration in their leaves, namely that yellowing.
Why does Pothos make a good houseplant?
Epipremnum aureum is a great addition to your home for a number of reasons. Other than keeping your air clean, they’re relatively low maintenance. They only require a low to medium level of light, seldom need watering and are incredibly resilient. Another good reason is that they are easy to propagate.
Is the Pothos plant toxic to cats or other animals?
With the presence of calcium oxalates, these plants are indeed toxic to living beings. Typically they don’t cause much harm aside from the occasional irritation or vomiting. This includes any pets such as dogs or cats. If ingested, they will become sick yet will won’t die.
The Pothos plant, or Epipremnum aureum, is a wonderful plant to own. They can live both indoors and outdoors with the ability to climb through vines. These individuals are an easy keeper with only a few requirements. Their variegations make them unique with a variety of leaf mottling. We hope that this guide helps to keep your Pothos happy and healthy so that you can reap the rewards of an attractive and easy-going plant.