I love eating hot chili peppers. The capsaicin in chili is what makes a chili pepper hot.
The heat is measured in SHU or Scoville Heat Units. This is how you can compare and distinguish the heat level of hot peppers.
A lot of people think the hottest part of chili is the seeds. But this is actually not true. It is the tissue or placenta (vesicles) around the seeds and other parts of the chili that contains the hotness.
In addition, the chili peppers are not hot themselves. It is a chemical reaction that takes place when tasting hot chilis.
But how hot is hot and what are the 10 hottest peppers in the world?
I compiled a current list of the hottest pepper ins the world:
10 Hottest Peppers In The World
The 10 hottest peppers in the world are:
- Pepper X | 3,180,000 SHU
- Dragon’s Breath | 2,480,000 SHU
- Carolina Reaper | 1,640,000 SHU
- 7 Pod Katie | 1,590,000 SHU
- Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper | 1,463,700 SHU
- Komodo Dragon pepper | 1,400,000 SHU
- 7 Pot Douglah | 1,388,938 SHU
- Naga Viper Pepper | 1,382,118 SHU
- Trinidad Moruga Scorpion | 1,200,000 SHU
- Infinity Chili | 1,067,286 SHU
The 10 Hottest Peppers in the World
1. Pepper X | 3,180,000 SHU
Ed Currie, the owner of the PuckerButt Pepper Company and the creator of the Carolina Reaper developed this ultimate hottest pepper in the world.
This Pepper is said to be even hotter than the Reaper. It is called Pepper X and clocks in at 3,180,000 SHU.
Pepper X is a cultivar of the Capsicum chili pepper. It took Ed Currie 10 years to cultivate a pepper that is so high in capsaicin.
His goal was to create a pepper that is not only hot but also retains a great flavor. And based on testing it myself I can attest to that.
It is very hot but has a great flavor. Very few extremely hot peppers can retain a good flavor profile whilst being that high on the Scoville scale.
This chili is still not officially crowned as the hottest pepper in the world as Guinness Wold Records has not yet tested and confirmed it.
Pepper X Taste: The Pepper X tastes sweet and fruity as well as insanely hot. It is currently the hottest pepper in the world.
How the Pepper X looks like: The Pepper X pods have a stinger tail and turn from green to red when mature. The pods are 2-3 inches long (5-7.5cm).
How to grow Pepper X: Pepper X takes 90-100 days to mature. Keep it indoors for the first 6-10 weeks as a seedling before planting it outdoors.
2. Dragon’s Breath | 2,480,000 SHU
Dragon’s breath is officialy the second hottest chili in the world after the Pepper X with 2,480,000 SHU. It was developed by Neal Price and later cultivated in Wales hence the name Dragon’s Breath as the Welsh flag features a fire-spitting Dragon.
The Dragon’s Breath chili is extremely hot and even surpasses the Carolina Reaper by 840,000 Scoville. It can numb skin when applied and might serve as an anesthetic.
Dragon’s Breath pepper taste: The Dragon’s Breath chili tastes sweet and fruity and is very hot.
How the Dragon’s Breath pepper looks like: The pods are wrinkled and pock-marked with the occasional stinger.
How to grow Dragon’s Breath pepper: Full sun and average moisture is best for the Dragon’s Breath pepper. Plant indoors for the first 6 weeks before planting it outdoors. Takes 90-100 days to maturity.
3. Carolina Reaper | 1,640,000 SHU
The once hottest chili pepper in the world became the second hottest chili pepper on earth. It is called Carolina Reaper, cultivated by the same Chili mastermind, Ed Currie.
This hot chili contains 1.64 Mio. Scoville Heat Units or SHU, which is half the heat the Pepper X has. But don’t get me wrong, this is still a smoking hot chili.
When I first tried it, I was gasping for breath and I started to sweat uncontrollably.
The Carolina Reaper has a beautiful bright red tone and looks as alarming as it tastes. At the end of the bud, it has a thorn that looks like the one of the Trinidad Scorpion, our next hot chili on the list.
Carolina Reaper Taste: The Carolina Reaper tastes sweet and fruity at first. Then the heat kicks in. It is the third hottetst pepper in the world.
How the Caolina Reaper looks like: The Caolina Reaper pods are red when mature with a stinger-like pointy tail. The pod surface is pocky and bumpy.
How to grow Carolina Reaper: Carolina Reaper seeds germinate within 10-21 days. They should be grown indoors for the first 6-10 weeks before placing them outdoors where they need full sun and average moisture. Water once the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry (5.0-7.5cm).
4. 7 Pot Katie | 1,590,000 SHU
7 Pot Katie (Capsicum chinense) is a cross between a Naga Viper and a 7 Pot Jonah (Red Trinidad 7 Pod). Has been cultivated in the UK by Nick Duran. It is the hottest chili deriving from the United Kingdom.
How the 7 Pot Katie chili looks like: Red bumpy pods the size of a golf ball. Ripen from green to red.
7 Pot Katie Taste: Fruity, fiery flavor.
How to grow 7 Pot Katie: Can grow more than 4-feet tall (122cm). When growing this variety make sure to choose a large pot size and account for the height the 7 Pot Katie hot chili can reach. These chili plants develop a lot of fruit.
5. Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper | 1,463,700 SHU
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper is a cultivar created in Australia and named after Butch Taylor. Neil Smith named it after the seed he received from Butch T.
The Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper is a Capsicum chinense cultivar like most of the other hottest peppers.
Trinidad Scorpion ‘Butch T’ was the hottest pepper in the world for 3 years between 2011-2013. It was measured at 1,463,700 Scoville in 2011.
What the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper looks like: The Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pods are 1-2 inches long, red, and have a pointy tail as all of the Scorpion Peppers have. Its pods have a pock-marked, uneven surface.
How the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper tastes: It’s sweet, hot and fruity and tastes like burning coal getting hotter and hotter.
How to grow Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper: Grows over 3 feet tall (92cm) and produces lots of fruit.
6. Komodo Dragon pepper | 1,400,000 SHU
The Komodo Dragon pepper has been introduced in 2015 and was sold at Tesco. The breeder is Salvatore Genovese and it originates from Blunham, Bedfordshire UK.
This supermarket-sold pepper is superhot at 1,400,000 Scoville with a delayed heat that kicks in after several seconds.
It is the hottest commercial grown pepper in the world according to The Guardian.
What the Komodo Dragon pepper tastes like: Fruity flavor. The heat kicks in after about 10 seconds.
What the Komodo Dragon pepper looks like: The Komodo Dragon Pepper has the typical Ghost pepper features and its fruits turn from green to red.
How to grow Komodo Dragon pepper: The Komodo Dragon pepper can be harvested within 90-100 days.
7. 7 Pot Douglah | 1,388,938 SHU
The 7 Pot Douglah is a variation of the 7 Pot family of hot chilis. It has a dark brown to purple color.
The 7 Pot chili got its name because you can spice at least 7 pots of stew with just one single pod of this chili.
7 Pot Douglah Taste: A mix between extreme heat and fruitiness with a hint of nuttiness.
How the 7 Pot Douglah looks like: The 7 Pot Douglah pods look like a habanero pepper with the common 7 Pot pepper features. They are bumpy and pocky. However, their color is unique. Their pods do not turn from green to red but from green to chocolate-colored.
How to grow 7 Pot Douglah: Grow 7 Pot Douglah indoors for 7-10 weeks before the last frost date. Then plant them outdoors where they enjoy full sun. Seeds take 7-21 days to sprout.
8. Naga Viper Pepper | 1,382,118 SHU
The Naga Viper Pepper was crowned as the hottest chili in 2011 and was dethroned in 2017 by the Carolina Reaper. It was tested by Warwick HRI.
It is a tripled hybrid between the Trinidad Scorpion, Naga Morich and Bhut Jolokia.
Since it is a triple hybrid it is unstable meaning that offsprings are very diverse.
The cultivar was created in England by Gerald Fowler.
The Naga Viper is hard to find and it takes the plant 90 days to fruit.
Naga Viper Chili Taste: Sweet floral taste. The heat kicks in only 30-60 seconds after consumption.
What the Naga Viper Pepper looks like: The Naga Viper pods are elongated and wrinkly. They look like a Ghost pepper. The pods sometimes have a stinger, but not always. The pods mature from green to red.
How to grow Naga Viper Pepper: To grow the Naga Viper pepper provide full sun. It needs up to 160 days to mature and needs about 2-inches of water per week. The Naga Viper Pepper seeds sprout with 7-21 days.
9. Trinidad Moruga Scorpion | 1,200,000 SHU
The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (Capsicum chinense) is a chili pepper like no other. It was discovered in Moruga, Trinidad, and Tobago.
In 2017, it carried the crown as the hottest chili pepper in the world, before Ed Currie won the crown over with his chili creations.
Scorpion peppers got their name because of the pointed end of the pepper pods that look like a scorpion stinger.
The Trinidad Scorpion is said to build up its heat over a period of time.
The yellow cultivar of the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion is credited to a Trinidadian resident called Wahid Ogeer.
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Taste: The Trinidad Scorpion has a fruity taste and represents a great combination between sweetness and hotness.
How the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion looks like: Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pods are small and wrinkly. The pods mature from green to red.
How to grow Trinidad Moruga Scorpion: This perennial can be grown in all of the US. Plant it after the last frost in spring and harvest it before the first frost in autumn.
10. Infinity Chili | 1,067,286 SHU
The Infinity Chili pepper is a Capsicum chinense cultivar from England. It was cultivated by Nicholas Woods and was the hottest chili for 2 weeks in 2011.
The creation happened by accident when cross-pollination happened between different chili varieties but upon tasting the Infinity Chili pepper, Woods knew that he had a winner.
It got its name from the infinitely lasting burning it creates that doesn’t seem to go away when ingesting it.
Infinity Chili Taste: Tastes fruity at first until the heat builds up. The heat level of a fresh chili is said to be too much to take.
What the Infinity Chili looks like: The Infinity Chili pods are bulbous, small and wrinkly. The pods mature from green to red.
How to grow Infinity Chili: The Infinity Chili seeds germinate at a temperature between 71.6-82.4°F (22-28°C). Can be planted outside 2-3 weeks after the last frost. They have a long ripening time so pot growing is advised.
Bhut Jolokia | 1,001,304 SHU
Bhut Jolokia or Ghost pepper is a hot pepper from India. It is a cross between Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens.
Bhut Jolokia has 1,001,304 Scoville (SHU).
Bhut Jolokia (ভোট জলকীয়া) means Bhutanese Pepper in Assamese.
It was the hottest chili pepper in 2007, verified by Guinness World Records.
Ghost peppers have a very particular shape and are known for their thin skin around the pods.
The Bhut Jolokia is very versatile and the pods can have all kinds of colors ranging from red to brown to orange and yellow.
There are two red varieties of Bhut Jolokia. A taller growing variety with uneven pods that is more fragile and a smaller growing bushy variety with even pods.
The Bhut Jolokia with smooth, even pods will yield more fruit.
What the Bhut Jolokia chili looks like: The pods are rough and uneven or smooth and can be red, yellow, orange, or chocolate. The color of the Bhut Jolokia chili ranges from red to orange to yellow to chocolate color. They are elongated and mature to a red color (usually). Bhut Jolokia pods are 2-3 inches long (5.0-7.5cm).
How Bhut Jolokia tastes like: Bhut Jolokia tastes sweet and fruity as well as spicy. The heat kicks in after 30-45 seconds.
How to grow Bhut Jolokia chili: Seeds need high temperatures between 90-100°F to germinate (32–38°C). It will take anywhere between 7-12 days until germination.
Naga Morich | 1,000,000 SHU
Naga Morich is a chili pepper from India and Bangladesh. There is a debate whether it is synonymous with Bhut Jolokia.
It doesn’t quite make the list of the 10 hottest peppers in the world anymore but is still an extremely hot pepper.
What the Naga Morich chili looks like: The pods have smooth flesh and a bumpy texture.
How the Naga Morich chili tastes: Sweet, tarty flavor, as well as smoky and woody notes.
How to grow Naga Morich: Grow Naga Morich in a high bed or a pot. They grow best in full sun. Provide average water and high humidity. Naga Morich pepper seeds sprout within 7-10 days. Use a propagator and temperatures between 64-77°F (18-25°C).
7 Pot Lucy | 900,000 SHU
Named by the name of the creator Naga Nick’s (Nick Duran) daughter, Lucy. Apart from the 7 Pot Lucy, there also is the 7 Pot Katie, after Nick’s second daughter.
What the 7 Pot Lucy chili looks like: The pods are golfball-sized.
How the 7 Pot Lucy chili tastes: Fruity and very spicy.
How to grow 7 Pot Lucy: Grow 7 Pot Lucy in full sun. It has average watering needs and should be grown indoors for the first 7-10 weeks before the latest frost.
Frequently Asked Questions About The 10 Hottest Peppers In The World
What is the top 5 hottest pepper in the world?
The 5 hottest peppers in the world are:
1. Pepper X | 3,180,000 SHU
2. Dragon’s Breath | 2,480,000 SHU
3. Carolina Reaper | 1,640,000 SHU
4. 7 Pod Katie | 1,590,000 SHU
5. Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper | 1,463,700 SHU
What is the world’s hottest pepper 2022?
The worlds hottest pepper in 2022 is the Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU). It has been cultivated by Ed Currie, the owner of the PuckerButt Pepper Company.
What is the 10 hottest pepper in the world?
The 10 hottest peppers in the world are Pepper X (3,180,000 SHU), Dragon’s Breath (2,480,000 SHU), Carolina Reaper (1,640,000 SHU), 7 Pod Katie (1,590,000 SHU), Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper (1,463,700 SHU), Komodo Dragon pepper (1,400,000 SHU), 7 Pot Douglah (1,388,938 SHU), Naga Viper Pepper (1,382,118 SHU), Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (1,200,000 SHU), Infinity Chili (1,067,286 SHU).
What is hotter than a Carolina Reaper?
Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU) and Dragon’s Breath 2,480,000 SHU are hotter than a Carolina Reaper. The Carolina Reaper contains 1,640,000 Scoville (SHU).
Can you eat a Carolina Reaper?
It is possible to eat a Carolina Reaper but with great care as it is extremely hot. The Carolina Reaper is currently the second hottest pepper in the world with 1,640,000 Scoville SHU. Ingesting a hot pepper can lead to mouth burning, numbness and even vomiting in rare cases.
How much does a Carolina Reaper cost?
A pack of 10 Carolina Reaper seeds costs around $10.
How spicy is a Ghost Pepper?
The Ghost pepper or Bhut Jolokiahas 1,001,304 Scoville (SHU).
Is Dragon’s Breath hotter than the Carolina Reaper?
Dragon’s Breath is 1.51 times hotter than the Carolina Reaper. Carolina Reaper has 1,640,000 Scoville (SHU) whearas the Dragon’s Breath has 2,480,000 Scoville (SHU).
What is hotter than a Ghost Pepper?
Peppers hottest than a Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia) (1,001,304 SHU) are Pepper X (3,180,000 SHU), Dragon’s Breath (2,480,000 SHU), Carolina Reaper (1,640,000 SHU), 7 Pod Katie (1,590,000 SHU), Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper (1,463,700 SHU), Komodo Dragon pepper (1,400,000 SHU), 7 Pot Douglah (1,388,938 SHU), Naga Viper Pepper (1,382,118 SHU), Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (1,200,000 SHU), Infinity Chili (1,067,286 SHU).
What’s hotter Ghost Pepper or Reaper?
The hottest ghost pepper is the Carolina Reaper with 1,640,000 Scoville (SHU).
What is the hottest pepper in the world now?
The hottest pepper in the world now (2022) is the Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU).
What is the deadliest pepper in the world?
The worlds hottest pepper in 2022 is the Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU). It has overtaken the Dragon’s Breath pepper with 2,480,000 Scoville (SHU) and the once hottest pepper in the world Carolina Reaper with 1,640,000 Scoville (SHU).
Where does ghost pepper rank?
Ghost pepper or Bhut Jolokia is a hot pepper from India nand ranks as the 11 hottest pepper in the world in 2022 with 1,001,304 Scovile (SHU).
Is Dragon’s Breath pepper real?
Dragon’s Breath pepper is real. It measures 2,480,000 Scoville (SHU) and is the second hottest pepper in the world after Pepper X. It was cultivated by Neal Price in Wales and is named after the Welsh flag that has a fire-spitting dragon as their logo.
What is the spiciest thing in the world 2022?
The spiciest thing in the world in 2022 is the Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU).
How many Scoville units is Takis?
Takis are between 30,000-50,000 Scoville units (SHU).
Which is hotter Fresno or Jalapeño?
The Fresno pepper is hotter than the Jalapeño. The Fresno pepper contains between 2,500 – 10,000 Scoville (SHU) compared to the Jalapeño with 2,000 – 8,000 Scoville (SHU).
What is hotter than Dragon’s Breath pepper?
The peppers that are hotter than a Dragon’s Breath pepper is the Pepper X. The Dragon’s Breath pepper contains on average 2,480,000 Scoville (SHU) compared to the Pepper X with 3,180,000 Scoville (SHU) on average.
What happens if you eat a Carolina Reaper?
If you eat a Carolina Reaper you feel your mouth burning. In addition mouth numbness can be felt. Some rarer effects of eating hot peppers are vomiting. The Carolina Reaper is one of the hottest chili peppers in the world.
How much capsaicin is lethal?
12-13 grams of capsaicin is considered lethal. A Carolina Reaper contains around 81 mg of capsaicin. A Jalapeño on the other hand only contains about 0.03 mg of capsaicin.
How hot is a ghost pepper?
The heat level on Ghost peppers is above 1 Mio. Scoville (SHU). The heat level on a Jalapeño is 5,000 Scoville. The hottest pepper, Pepper X, is 636-times hotter than a Jalapeño.
Can super hot peppers hurt you?
Hot peppers cannot hurt you. What simulates hotness in the body is the active compound capsaicin in chilies. It tricks the body into it feeling burnt. But hot chilies do not actually burn you.
Conclusion About The Top 10 Hottest Peppers In The World
The 10 hottest chili peppers in the world are:
Pepper X (3,180,000 Scoville)
Dragon’s Breath (2,480,000 Scoville)
Carolina Reaper (1,640,000 Scoville)
7 Pod Katie (1,590,000 Scoville)
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper (1,463,700 Scoville)
Komodo Dragon pepper (1,400,000 Scoville)
7 Pot Douglah (1,388,938 Scoville)
Naga Viper Pepper (1,382,118 Scoville)
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (1,200,000 Scoville)
Infinity Chili (1,067,286 Scoville)
Taking care of houseplants and gardening are my greatest passions. I am transforming my apartment into an urban jungle and am growing veggies in my indoor and outdoor garden year-round.