Begonia Maculata, aka the Polka Dot Begonia, is famous for its polka dot leaves. It is a colorful member of the begonia genus and is grown widely indoors as well as outdoors.
The joy a person feels as this tiny plant grows over time is immaculate and makes the process a lot more worthwhile.
Hence, a lot of indoor gardeners want to know how to propagate Begonia Maculata.
How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
A Begonia Maculata can be propagated from a stem cutting, a tip cutting, a rhizome, a leaf, or from a seed. An easy way to propagate is to place a stem cutting it in a jar of room-temperature water. Once the stem cutting grows roots, transfer it to a pot.
- 1 How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
- 2 Different Methods How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
- 3 Propagating Begonia Maculata in Water
- 4 Propagating Begonia Maculata in Potting Mix
- 5 Propagating Begonia Maculata from Seeds
- 6 Frequently Asked Questions About How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
- 7 Conclusion About How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
Different Methods How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
Step 1: Sterilize your Tools
Before moving on to any further step of propagating a plant, you always need to make sure that all your gardening tools are properly cleaned and sterilized.
If not, your plant may wilt or show discoloration of leaves over time.
Cleaning and sterilizing your scissors, knives, and other gardening accessories may seem unnecessary and cumbersome, but believe me, it is one of the best things you could do to give your plant a long and healthy life.
Step 2: Take a Stem Cutting
For you to use water as a medium for propagating Begonia Maculata, you can use a plant cutting for this purpose.
Cut one of the stems at an angle using a clean, sharpened scissors. Otherwise, you can also use pruned cuttings if you have them.
It is certainly not recommended to cut your stems unnecessarily.
It’s vital to ensure that you have at least one small node branching from your stem. Or else, one or two small leaves will also do great for your propagation.
With this particular plant, it is not necessary that you cut below the node.
You can cut the stem anywhere you like, keeping in mind that you have a reasonable height of branch that you can use for propagating.
While cutting below the node is always the best idea because leaves usually cluster around the nodes; leaves grow almost everywhere in this plant.
Therefore, you do not have to be very worried about cutting the stem precisely below the nodes.
Step 3: Place the Cutting in a Jar
Once you have the pruned or the deliberate stem cutting, the next step is to fill a large jar with water.
You do not want to use extremely cold or extremely hot water as both of these will delay and ultimately stunt the growth of this newly propagating plant.
Use room temperature water for best results.
Put the jar in a room with bright yet indirect light. Make sure that the small leaves that are attached to your stem cutting are not immersed in water.
If they keep falling back in the water, you can use two long sticks to keep the leaves above the water’s surface.
It’s strongly advised to change the water every four days to prevent dirt and bacterial growth.
Step 4: Transfer your Cuttings to a Pot
Slowly and gradually, you will see new roots sprouting from your stem, cutting within a few weeks. Wait until these roots are 2-3 inches long.
If you take the cutting out of water too soon, your plant will never grow at its optimum level in its new pot.
Once the roots are at least three inches long, you can carefully take out the cutting and place it in a moderately sized pot with a rich potting mix.
Check out the best soil for Begonias for you to ensure that your Begonia Maculata thrives after you plant it.
Step 5: Give Time to Your Plant
It is critical that your plant has the space and strength in its new pot.
Ensure that you water your Begonia Maculata on time, keep it in indirect bright light, and clean the fresh leaves so that the plant is not prone to infection.
Keep experimenting with the location of the plant until you find the sweet spot where your plant shows optimal signs of growth.
Propagating Begonia Maculata in Potting Mix
Step 1: Take a Stem Cutting
Using the same technique as above, cut the stem using a clean pair of scissors or use a pruned cutting so that you do not have to waste any more of your branches.
Step 2: Place your Cutting in a Rich Potting Mix
Unlike the first method in which you placed your cutting in a jar full of room temperature water, use a rich and moistened potting mix this time.
Afterward, put the plant pot in a location where it gets plenty of indirect light and gives it an abundance of time to grow and sprout new roots.
Then, wait for a few more weeks before fresh leaves from the stem rise above the soil.
Make sure the potting mix that you are using for your new plant is rich in organic matter so that it has all the essential nutrients it needs to grow.
Step 3: Ensure Proper Humidity
To ensure the right levels of humidity for your plant, you can use many techniques.
One of them is simply buying an inexpensive humidifier in which you can set the desired level of moisture for your plant.
If you are not willing to accept a humidifier, you can cover your plant with a clear plastic bag and seal it slightly over the edges to keep humidity intact.
You can always remove the cover every once in a while, to let your plant breathe properly and ensure the optimum airflow.
Step 4: Do a Resistance Check
After a few weeks, it is now time to check if your newly built leaves and stems have built resistance in them.
This will be a test to check if they have appropriately grown or their growth is still stunted. Tug the stem in your direction.
If you feel that the branch is showing resistance and pulling itself towards the soil, this is an indicator that the plant has built deep roots inside the ground and is now fully intact.
Start treating your cutting like a typical plant once its root system’s developed.
Propagating Begonia Maculata from Seeds
Step 1: Bury the Seeds under the Soil
Another way of propagating Begonia Maculata or polka dots Begonia is by simply using seeds bought from a supermarket.
While the quality of the seeds may not always be the best, it is highly recommended not to compromise on the quality of your potting mix for your plant.
Step 2: Water the Plant Regularly
Since your seeds will directly be put in this potting mix, the mixture should have a good amount of nutrients to grow efficiently.
Two of the essential minerals to look for in a potting mix are phosphorus and magnesium.
Spread the seeds evenly on your potting mixture before covering them with another generous layer of potting mix.
Keep watering the plant regularly and keep the pot in indirect light indoors for the first few days before moving them outside, if you wish to do so.
After three weeks of regular watering and ensuring the proper sunlight, you should see small stems rising upward.
Frequently Asked Questions About How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
Can I give direct light to my Begonia Maculata?
Begonia Maculata thrives in bright but indirect light. If it is exposed to direct sunlight for an extended period of time, it will eventually burn the leaves and result in discoloration.
Is it a good idea to propagate Begonia Maculata through seeds?
While propagating through seeds may not be a great idea, it will still work. However, ensure that you use a rich potting mix and water the plant regularly.
Conclusion About How to Propagate Begonia Maculata
While propagating begonia Maculata requires a lot of patience and hard work, the results are always fruitful.
It is essential that the plant gets proper humidity, indirect light, and an appropriate watering schedule.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.