If you are planning on a garden this summer, you should know about companion planting.
Companion planting is a generations-old practice of planting specific crops near other crops that can help out one another.
For instance, some plants may help protect vulnerable ones by deterring pests, stimulating growth, or welcoming bees to the garden.
One crop that greatly benefits from companion planting is broccoli.
What else is good to plant with broccoli?
What To Plant With Broccoli?
Broccoli does best when companion-planted with crops that do not require a lot of space. Since broccoli is most full and robust in early summer, plant near crops that enjoy shady locations, including varieties of lettuce, greens, radishes, and spinach.
Compatible Companion Plants For Broccoli
Take advantage of using companion plants when growing broccoli to help your plants thrive and increase your potential harvest later on.
Using compatible companion plants for your crops can help keep pests at bay, while also making your vegetables taste better, believe it or not!
So, what companion plants does Broccoli like?
To improve the flavor of your broccoli plants, try planting near potatoes, onions, and celery. It really does make your produce taste better!
Consider some other companion plant tips when gardening, too
- Beets are a great companion for broccoli and bring magnesium to the mix. Plus, they don’t use up the calcium in the soil as broccoli does, so they cohabitate well.
- Plant chamomile to dry for tea year-round. Chamomile also has a positive impact on broccoli plants, making your finished harvest taste better. Try it!
- Repel cabbage worms and loopers with something that smells astringent, like geraniums or nasturtium flowers.
- The shade that mature broccoli plants provide is an excellent companion for loose-leaf lettuce varieties. Radishes are another crop that does not require much space and that thrives in the shade of your broccoli plants.
You can also practice healthy pest control with companion planting- no chemicals needed!
To prevent cabbage flies from gathering and laying eggs near your broccoli plants, plant aromatic herbs nearby that will deter them.
Some great options include dill, rosemary, mint, and oregano.
A Bit About Broccoli
Broccoli, or Brassica oleracea, is actually a type of cabbage, as is cauliflower, collards, and Brussels sprouts.
Broccoli is easy to maintain and delicious to eat- so, why wouldn’t you want to try growing it in your own garden?
Another perk of this cool-season vegetable is that broccoli fully matures in 55 to 80 days from being transplanted into the ground, approximately 100 days when being grown from seed.
In milder climates, you may have an early and late crop of broccoli, and this plant prefers temperatures that are not typically higher than 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Broccoli is frost tolerant, and it has been known to survive when the temperature has dipped low- even as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit, but not for prolonged periods.
It does fine in partly shady conditions but prefers full sun. The flexible nature of broccoli makes it a great crop for gardens in almost any climate.
As for soil, broccoli likes rich soil that is slightly acidic, and ideally, the pH would hover slightly above 6.0 for optimal growth and harvest. The soil should just be moist and well-drained.
Add organic fertilizer that is rich in nutrients and low in nitrogen.
Broccoli needs a lot of calcium when developing so it helps when you enrich the soil with calcium-rich compost or fertilizer and plant broccoli near plants that don’t use a lot of calcium.
Some examples include marigolds, beets, and nasturtium flowers.
Plants To Avoid Planting With Broccoli
There are a few plants that you do not want to grow with or near your Broccoli, as it may invite pests, bolster nitrogen in the soil, or take nutrients away from your broccoli, impacting the yield of your harvest later.
Nightshades are a type of plant that does not seem to do well with broccoli in most gardens or growing situations. Some common nightshade plants include eggplant, peppers, and tomatoes.
Also, planting cabbage or cauliflower too near your broccoli can impact both plants, as they compete for similar soil nutrients.
Insects that plague cabbage plants, like aphids, caterpillars, and worms, are just as damaging to young broccoli plants, too.
Other plants to keep clear of your broccoli are strawberries. Strawberries require a lot of nutrients, so they easily take over and deplete the resources that your broccoli needs to thrive.
Also, be aware of plants that add nitrogen to the soil, like beans, as this can compromise your broccoli.
Frequently Asked Questions About What To Plant With Broccoli
What is the Secret to Success When Growing Broccoli?
The key to success when it comes to broccoli is to try growing it in a spot that you have not previously grown this type of plant. This includes gardens or beds that you have grown cabbages, Brussels sprouts, kale, or any other types of greens. Start in a fresh location for best results and circulate your beds every four or five years, minimally.
Should you Fertilize Broccoli plants?
You should fertilize the soil before you plant your broccoli plants. Broccoli requires a lot of nutrients, which may not be found in the soil at your home so enrich with a good-quality, low-nitrogen fertilizer.
When Should You Plant Broccoli?
Broccoli is a cool-season plant so start your plants around six to eight weeks ahead of the expected last frost for your region. Start the plants inside, and then transplant outdoors around a half-inch deep for a mid-summer harvest.
Planning your summer gardens? Consider broccoli; it is easy to grow in most climates and good for you, too!
Use these tips to yield a bounty of broccoli this summer- as well as to enjoy other crops that companion well with this plant.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.