Belonging to the Araceae family, Monstera Deliciosa is a plant that mostly grows in tropical forests. As its leaves bear many holes, it is also called the ‘Swiss Cheese Plant.’
Monstera Deliciosa is of the most common houseplants partly because it requires low maintenance and is a beautiful addition to your apartment or garden.
Though it is less demanding, this plant needs appropriate plant care. Fulfillment of its needs and requirements will ensure Monstera Deliciosa grows into a large, lovely plant with broad, green leaves.
How to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa?
The best thing about this fascinating plant is that it can be propagated relatively easy. Once your Monstera Deliciosa plant has matured, you can start working on the propagation process. All you need to do is cut out several segments with 1-2 leaves. Make a slit directly below the node, and plant the cuttings in a container with water. Ensure that sufficient sunlight reaches the plant, and you are promised to expect new roots and shoots within several weeks.
Ways to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa
There are several ways to propagate a Monstera Deliciosa plant. We will discuss the easiest one here.
Locate the nodal point
Being the first step, this is also the most crucial one. You have to keep in mind that you cannot plant a stem cutting with no nodes.
A cutting with a single leaf will never propagate, no matter how much you water it.
The recommended method is to locate a node. It is present where the petiole of several leaves intersect. Once you have found the node, place a garden knife right below it, and chop off the segment.
Make sure that the knife you use is sterilized and clean. It will ensure that your node does not get infected.
Above the nodal point, the stalk should bear a minimum of two leaves. A stem with more leaves has higher chances of success for propagation.
When the node has been cut, wash it with clean water and let it dry.
Cut off additional stalks
If the stalk has multiple secondary stems, cut them off.
You only need to have one central stalk. All other stalks can be removed as well as lower leaves that would be in the water. 1-2 leaves is more than enough to propagate a Monstera Deliciosa.
Even a stalk without a leaf will grow into a new plant as long as there is a node.
Carefully position the cutting in a water-filled jar
Let the cutting dry for half an hour or several hours. The thicker the stem is the longer it will take to callous over,
Place the dried cutting in a clean, empty jar. Fill it with water just above the nodes so that half of the cutting is submerged.
Leave the container open, and do not cover it with a lid.
Take the water-filled jar with the cutting to a place where the sunlight can reach it.
It is best to position it against a wall. Make sure that the plant has enough space to breathe and grow.
Monstera Deliciosa is a climbing plant that likes to spread its vines. Positioning it in a spacious room (preferably close to a large open window) against a wall allows the plant the support it needs to grow.
It is also vital to use a tall jar so that the plant remains upright. Or you can use a piece of rope to tie it in place. Either way, an upright position is crucial to ensure the leaves face the sun.
Make sure that you replace the water with new, clean water every week. In a matter of a couple of weeks, you will notice roots sprouting.
Sometimes a new leaf will emerge first before roots start to grow or both will happen at the same time.
The best approach is to propagate a Monstera Deliciosa in spring and summer, as the climate is optimal to produce new growth.
Taking Care of a Newly Propagated Monstera Deliciosa
The propagation process will not be a success unless you take proper care of your Monstera Deliciosa plant.
The first thing to consider while growing a Monstera Deliciosa plant is to make sure you place it in a well-lit room. Your plant must receive a daily dosage of indirect sunlight.
At the same time, large amounts of bright sunlight can scorch the leaves and turn them yellow.
You have to maintain a delicate balance between sunlight and shade. A good tip would be to increase sunlight exposure gradually.
You can do this by placing the plant in the morning light for a few hours and then bringing it inside when the afternoon sun comes out.
It is also essential to keep in mind that these plants cannot tolerate very cold temperatures.
An optimum temperature range for their growth is 77 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (25 to 29.4 degrees Celsius).
When it comes to growing a Monstera Deliciosa plant, people often make the mistake of overwatering. Overwatering causes the soil to get waterlogged and roots to rot.
Hence, pay special attention to watering the plant only when the need arises.
For healthy growth, it is important to have a well draining soil mix. A low-quality soil mix has empty pores, which soak up water and make the soil soggy. Hence, it increases the chances of pathogen attack.
Correct soil and water care become relevant once you shift your cutting to soil.
Make sure that you also fertilize the soil. Your plant needs appropriate nutrients to grow well and appear healthy.
However, over-fertilization is severely harmful to the plant. You should only fertilize the soil twice a year, once in summer and spring each.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why should l propagate my Monstera Deliciosa plant?
It encourages the plant to grow healthier. And, also gives you the liberty to direct its growth in a manner that suits you best.
Why are my Monstera Deliciosa plant cuttings not propagating?
There is a chance that the initial cutting was not from a part of the plant that is viable for propagation. Ensure that you cut below a node.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.