Anthurium can be propagated using stem cuttings, by division, by seeds, or through tissue culture.
The easiest way to propagate Anthuriums is by division. Take the Anthurium plant out of the pot and remove the soil. Look for clumps and individual plantlets. Take apart the plantlets gently and ensure a healthy root system. Spring and summer are best for plant propagation.
1. By division
To propagate an Anthurium by division:
Step 1: Take the plant out of the pot
Step 2: Remove some of the dirt
Step 3: Identify individual clusters with roots
Step 4: Gently divide and pull away a single plantlet
Step 5: Put the plantlet in its own pot with drainage holes with well-draining potting soil
Step 6: Water lightly after 12-24 hours
Step 7: After 3-4 weeks, your cutting roots and/or new leaves will start to grow roots
Step 8: Repot the cutting in a new pot
Step 9: Watch your propagated plant grow
2. By stem cuttings
Propagate an Anthurium by cuttings:
Step 1: Check the plant and identify the nodes
Step 2: Prepare pruning shears, a knife, or a scissors
Step 3: Disinfect the blades using rubbing alcohol or hold them under a flame
Step 4: Take a clean horizontal or vertical cut
Step 5: Let the cutting callous over for at least 30 minutes
Step 6: Put the cutting directly into the soil, water, sphagnum moss, perlite, or peat
Step 7: Water the potting medium lightly after 12-24 hours
Step 8: After 3-4 weeks, your cutting will develop roots, and/or new leaves will start to grow roots
3. By seeds
To propagate Anthuriums by seed you either need to buy the seeds or pollinate your own plants. I do not recommend buying seeds on the internet as they are often not viable. You can buy seeds from known collectors, however.
Follow these steps to propagate by seeds:
Step 1: Let the seeds soak overnight (12 hours) in water
Step 2: Place them in a moist, well-draining, and humid potting mix
Step 3: Use a plastic container with a lid and put the seeds in it
Step 4: Use a spray bottle to increase the humidity in the container
Step 3: Ensure the humidity is very high, between 80-100%
Step 4 : Add a heat mat underneath the container
Step 5: After 7-30 days, the seeds will start to sprout
Step 6: Let the plantlets grow for several months until they produce their first true leaves
Step 7: Gently acclimate the seedlings to lower humidity conditions by opening the container for a few hours every day
Step 8: Enjoy the new plants
Tissue culture is the process of creating a perfect clone of your mother plant. Laboratory equipment, such as vessels, hormones containing auxin, and cytokinin are needed. A sterile environment is vital not to let pathogens pollute the vessels.
To successfully clone a plant, you need the correct recipe or protocol and plant material from the mother plant.
Why Propagate Anthuriums?
Anthurium propagation has several benefits:
- It is a cost-efficient way to produce multiple plants
- You can create a backup of your mother plant
- You get multiple plants that can be gifted to other people
- You can produce more of the plants you already love
When is the best time to Propagate an Anthurium Plant
The ideal time to propagate plants is the main growing phase in spring and summer. Temperatures are warmer, and the plants grow vigorously. Therefore the propagation is much faster compared to autumn and winter.
You can also propagate in autumn and winter, but it will take longer as the plans are growing slower.
When not to Propagate an Anthurium Plant
Do not propagate houseplants when they are in bloom. They might lose the flowers if you do so.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can Anthurium Be Propagated In Water?
Propagation in water is possible. Take a cutting or plantlet. Get a clear plastic or glass vessel. Put the cutting into clear, lukewarm water. Change the water every 5-7 days. After 3-4 weeks, the cutting or plantlet should start to produce new roots.
Can You Grow Anthurium From A Cutting?
You can propagate these plants from a cutting Ensure that each cutting has at least one node. One or several leaves are beneficial but not needed. Leaves on a cutting will speed up the propagation process.
Can You Propagate Anthurium From Leaf?
Anthurium plants cannot be propagated from a leaf. At least one node is needed for propagation. The nodes contain the necessary information (DNA) to produce a new plant successfully.
Conclusion On Anthurium propagation
Anthurium can be propagated from:
- By division
- Form seeds
- Tissue culture
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Daniel has been a plant enthusiast for over 20 years. He owns hundreds of houseplants and prepares for the chili growing seasons yearly with great anticipation. His favorite plants are plant species in the Araceae family, such as Monstera, Philodendron, and Anthurium. He also loves gardening and is growing hot peppers, tomatoes, and many more vegetables.