- 1 ANTHURIUM PLANT CARE BASICS
- 2 THE WATER ANTHEM OF THE ANTHURIUM PLANT
- 3 EASY STEPS FOR ANTHURIUM PROPAGATION
- 4 ANTHURIUM TRIMMING: TIPS AND TRICKS
- 5 PROBLEMS THAT CAN ARISE IN AN ANTHURIUM
- 6 CHEAT SHEET FOR A HAPPY AND HEALTHY ANTHURIUM
- 7 ANTHURIUM PLANT FAQ
The Anthurium is a flowering plant that goes by many names including tailflower, flamingo flower, laceleaf, and painter’s palette. Their large leaves, heart-shaped bracts, and slender cluster of flowers characterize them among plant enthusiasts.
Originally found in the rainforests belonging to South America, namely Columbia and Ecuador, Anthurium plants are happily grown indoors.
There are several challenges to watch out for, which is why we’ve created a personalized care guide.
Read on to discover the various ways that you can keep an Anthurium plant healthy so that their vibrant flowers last longer.
ANTHURIUM PLANT CARE BASICS
Flowering plants are known for being slightly touchier when it comes to their overall well-being, especially when kept indoors. Anthurium isn’t known for being difficult, but there are a few necessities to keep in mind before venturing on the road to a happy Tailflower.
Below is all you need to know about the basic needs of an Anthurium plant!
Fortunately, Anthuriums can survive on a wide range of different soil types as long as they are high in organic matter. The soil provided should also have adequate drainage to prevent the potential of root rot.
Those who know a bit about plants would do best placing their Anthurium plant in a mix designed for epiphytes. Don’t know what that is? Don’t fret. Just make sure that it is rich and porous.
Anthurium plants that don’t get adequate sunlight tend to have lackluster flowers. It’s important to place these individuals in a room that gets plenty of light. Although they prefer a good amount of light, it should never be direct. Bright, indirect sunlight will keep your Anthurium happy.
Once you’ve placed your Anthurium plant into a container, it will need a regular watering schedule. These houseplants require low to moderate amounts of water.
Depending on how warm their environment is, you may need to add water every few days. Providing ample drainage holes on the bottom of your pot or container is key to ensuring that the roots don’t become rotted.
We will go over the watering needs later on in this article for those who are new to keeping a flowering plant happily saturated.
Being a tropical inhabitant, it’s no surprise that the Anthurium prefers higher average temperatures. During the daytime, your house should range between 25 and 32 degrees Celsius, while the evenings can be around 21 to 24 degrees Celsius.
Anything lower than 4 degrees Celsius can result in poor growth and damage to the leaves.
Another typical need that is crucial for tropical plants is their need for a good amount of humidity. This usually is at about 70 to 80 percent. Those who choose to grow their Anthurium plants indoors find that they may need to water their plants more frequently as well as provide other ways in which to increase the humidity.
This can be done through misting and strategic placement, such as placing your plant in the bathroom that naturally accumulates more moisture.
Even though these are flowering plants, Anthurium does not need regular doses of fertilizer. The blooms do tend to be more vibrant when given food, but this only needs to happen every three or four months.
It also does not need to be used in full force. You should dilute fertilizer down to a quarter of the strength, and be careful to use one that is rich in phosphorus.
With such a beautiful ornament in your home, chances are that you will want to clone these individuals. You can either achieve this through division, seed germination, or cuttings.
All of these methods are fairly easy, even for a beginner. Many flower enthusiasts enjoy making Anthurium hybrids. We will go over the most common methods later on in greater detail.
Once these plants reach maturity, Anthurium plants generally grow to a height of 1.5 feet. They are also only a foot in width. The flowers themselves tend to last for a few weeks at a time unless cut.
If you choose to raise your plant in water, the flowers can survive up to six weeks. That being said, not every flower will open all at one time, meaning that you’ll get a pleasant bloom time.
Many Anthurium enthusiasts have said that there the trend seems to be about three months of flowering followed by another three months of just the large leaves.
The act of repotting can mean the difference between a beautiful bloom and a stunted Anthurium. You can expect to go through this process every two to three years, as it takes a while for them to become root-bound. This should be done carefully. The flowers are quite fragile.
THE WATER ANTHEM OF THE ANTHURIUM PLANT
Plants that flower tends to need a lot more water than other indoor habitants. Fortunately for you, the Anthurium does not fall under this category. Instead, they only require low to medium levels.
Let’s have a closer look at how much water you should use when watering your Anthurium. There are a few specific preferences that these plants want when it comes to adding moisture.
ANTHURIUM WATERING NEEDS: WHEN AND HOW
Providing your Araceae with low to medium amounts of liquid sounds easy enough, but do you know how much water that would be in person? Of course, this depends on many factors. If you live in an area that tends to be warmer, then you won’t need to water as frequently.
The average watering routine for an Anthurium plant will be enough water to fully saturate the roots without causing rot. The frequency in which you choose to add water can help prevent this issue.
You can expect to do this twice a week, at the very most. Making sure that there are drainage holes at the bottom of your vase or pot will also help keep your plant happy.
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR WATERING YOUR ANTHURIUM
There are a few tricks that you should be aware of before implementing a regular watering schedule. Some plants are simply picky when it comes to how water is added. For the Anthurium, there are two big ones.
The first special request that will make your Anthurium happier is the temperature of the water. Although this isn’t the biggest deal, they tend to prefer lukewarm water. If the water is too cold, it can send the individual into shock.
Have you ever heard of “blight”? This is a disease that attacks the plant’s leaves and it can be quickly passed along to other individuals nearby. The reason that we mention this is because of the second consideration.
Watering Anthuriums from overhead has been shown to increase the spread of blight.
EASY STEPS FOR ANTHURIUM PROPAGATION
Propagation is a daunting task for many. Fortunately, Anthurium is relatively straightforward. The preferred methods among flower enthusiasts are through division and stem cuttings. Other ways exist, but we found these to be the easiest.
Below is a detailed step-by-step guide on how to make a beautiful clone out of your Anthurium specimen.
PROPAGATION THROUGH STEM CUTTINGS
- Choose a healthy parent plant that you want to duplicate and locate a stem that is at least six inches in length and has two or more leaves attached.
- Make a clean incision with pruning shears and put the new cutting into a small pot. Be sure to check the underside for ample drainage holes.
- Double-check that the cutting is placed into the soil directly. This should about two or three inches deep with the leaves on top of the soil.
- Fully saturate the soil with water and continue to add moisture every other day so that the top layer of soil does not dry out. The trick of the trade is that these plants need a lot of moisture to grow.
- Once the new individual has been placed in a spot that has both high levels of humidity and indirect sunlight, wait for the roots to develop.
- Expect to see roots take form anywhere from four to six weeks. At this point, you can slow down on your watering routine and treat it as if it were an adult Anthurium.
PROPAGATION THROUGH DIVISION
- Pick out the Anthurium that you would like to copy, preferably one that has “leggy” or congested roots.
- Gently take the individual out of the pot completely so that it is exposed and able to be divided as cleanly as possible.
- Using a sharp knife, separate the clumps of roots so that you have two sections. You may have excess soil, but you can get rid of this by carefully shaking the dirt free from the roots.
- Take each clump and put them into respective pots with fresh soil.
- Thoroughly water the two pots so that the soil can be fully saturated.
- Move the plants to an area with partial sunlight, and keep it evenly watered over.
ANTHURIUM TRIMMING: TIPS AND TRICKS
With such a slow-growing plant, you would assume that the Anthurium plant doesn’t need regular pruning. Contrary to this belief, they need a good amount of care when it comes to trimming. Although small, this flora has lots of growth and requires pruning to keep it healthy.
Before we discuss how to go about pruning your Anthurium, it’s important to know that these plants are considered toxic. The sap can irritate the skin and eyes of both humans and animals. That being said, you should protect your hands while trimming.
Now let us go into the trimming details. The best time to prune this Araceae is directly after it has finished blooming. This means that you’ll likely need to trim them every three to five months.
When pruning an Anthurium, you’ll want to start from the top and work your way down. Taking too many leaves away will stunt any future growth. Begin by carefully removing any dead or yellowing leaves.
You can also cut away blossoms that aren’t blooming. If you’re hesitant, we recommend taking away less than you normally would for a flowering plant. Start small and work your way up.
PROBLEMS THAT CAN ARISE IN AN ANTHURIUM
These tropical plants are easy to care for but do fall prey to certain ailments and issues along the way. Understanding the most common problems that your Anthurium can go through will equip you for the future.
TELLTALE SIGN #1: LEAVES CURLING
Cause: Those who notice that their Anthurium’s leaves start to curl under can expect that it is related to a lack of water.
Remedy: To solve this issue and avoid any long-term damage, shift your regular watering schedule. Start by thoroughly saturating the plant and then work your way from there to find the right balance.
TELLTALE SIGN #2: LEAVES HAVE BROWN SPOTS
Cause: Brown spots appearing on the leaves can mean one of two problems. Either the plant is not getting the necessary nutrients, or there is too much direct sunlight.
Remedy: To decipher which problem your Anthurium has, you’ll need to tackle one issue at a time. Start by moving the individual to a room with less light. If that doesn’t work, add a diluted fertilizer at one-third the usual strength.
CHEAT SHEET FOR A HAPPY AND HEALTHY ANTHURIUM
Below are the five most important takeaways from this article. Follow these tips and you’ll have a beautiful Anthurium in your home.
- Place your Anthurium in a room that gets plenty of bright, indirect sunlight.
- Regularly water your plant while making sure that there are ample drainage holes.
- Use a soil that is rich in organic material for better growth.
- Try to prune these individuals every few months, removing any dead growth and blooms while not going overboard.
- Keep a close eye on the temperature, keeping your plant in a room that is between 25 and 32 degrees Celsius.
ANTHURIUM PLANT FAQ
Is Anthurium a good indoor plant?
Raising an Anthurium is relatively easy compared to most flowering plants, making it a great candidate for indoor plants.
How long do Anthurium plants live?
This depends on where you would like to show off your Anthurium. Those who choose to place these plants in vases find that they can last an impressive six weeks.
Is an Anthurium an annual or perennial?
Anthuriums are considered to be perennials, meaning that they can come back for multiple seasons after blooming. Remember, they bloom for three months at a time. And these blooms will happen multiple times a year.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.