(image credits, IG:soilmesilly)
Peperomia orba is a succulent type of plant belonging to the Piperaceae family; it is also referred to as “Peperomia Teardrop” and “Peperomia Pixie Lime”.
Peperomia orba is an annual and perennial plant smaller in size than other Peperomia family members. It is kept for its beautiful and small leaves instead of its blooms.
Like its family, Peperomia orba prefers bright indirect light to medium sunlight, where the temperature must remain constant from 65 to 75 Degrees Fahrenheit (18-24 Degrees Celsius). The humidity level can range from medium to high (50%-80%), and soil should be well-drained. Peperomia orba also enjoys watering at moderate as it cannot withstand high moisture content.
Peperomia orba’s origin is in Southern America, as mostly Peperomia members reside in America and Africa.
Peperomia refers to the Greek words peperi and homoios, which means “resembling pepper,” while Orba means “orphan” in Greek. Peperomia orba is a small dwarf plant, which allows them to be placed in small baskets and decorative pots.
Although basic care is the same for each plant, you still need to understand the growth requirements of your Peperomia orba.
Considering Peperomia orba doesn’t ask for much attention as it doesn’t have many preferences, it is easy to care without much effort.
Peperomia orba foliage is the most attractive feature that every gardener loves.
- 1 Peperomia Orba Plant Care Tips
- 2 Common Problems for Peperomia orba
- 3 Tips for Growing Peperomia orba
- 4 Frequently Asked Questions about Peperomia orba
- 4.1 Is Peperomia orba easy to take care of and grow?
- 4.2 Is Peperomia orba poisonous or toxic to animals and children?
- 4.3 Is Peperomia orba invasive to the house?
- 4.4 Why is Peperomia orba known as a radiator plant?
- 4.5 Does Peperomia orba bloom?
- 4.6 Why is Peperomia orba’s foliage turning yellow?
- 4.7 Why are the leaves of Peperomia orba wilting?
- 5 Conclusion
Peperomia Orba Plant Care Tips
Peperomia orba prefers a well-drained potting mixture, which would help drain all the extra water to prevent the plant from rotting.
The soil must contain a 2:1 ratio of peat moss to perlite or sand. You can also add an orchid mixture to improve the drainage capacity.
It’s also best not to allow the moisture content to remain in the soil. Peperomia orba will enjoy soils with a pH of 5 to 7.5. Peperomia orba grows efficiently in outdoor locations with USDA Hardiness zone 10-11.
When watering, it’s best to remember that Peperomia orba is succulent, so be wary of it and try to maintain a moderate watering schedule.
Otherwise, the leaves would become soft and can fall prey to root rot. I prefer giving breaks between watering so that excessive water doesn’t pile up in the soil, so it’s better to check the soil whenever you are about to provide water.
It’s best to provide plenty of water in the summers and springs as these are the growing seasons. In winters, it best to withdraw.
All you have to do is to make sure the Peperomia orba has dry topsoil in the winters for a long time while remaining moderately moist in the growing season.
Peperomia orba loves to bathe in medium to indirect and bright sunlight. If there is strong sunlight in the morning or afternoon, it’s better to move the Peperomia orba away from the window; you don’t want the foliage to burn or wither down.
Another option is to use fluorescent lighting in the room or office if your low natural light; this also allows you to maintain constant light.
Peperomia orba doesn’t like low lightening; otherwise, it would lead to yellowing leaves and wilting.
Peperomia orba thrives healthy in 65 to 75 Degrees Fahrenheit (18-24 Degrees Celsius). Considering that Peperomia orba is a tropical plant, this indicates that they are fond of a warm environment.
Peperomia orba does not love low temperatures. So, I have placed it in an area where the temperature doesn’t go lower than 50 Degrees Fahrenheit (10 Degrees Celsius).
I also encourage putting the Peperomia orba away from open doors and windows as it is not drought or frost resistant.
During the winters, it’s best to make sure the temperature around this plant is 50-55 Degrees Fahrenheit (10 -13 Degrees Celsius).
Peperomia orba likes moderate as well as high levels because of its resistance to high humidity. This plant dislikes dry conditions, so its humidity should be about 50% for its healthy growth.
To keep the humidity constant, you can use the help of a pebble tray filled with water.
Misting or a plant humidifier is also beneficial. I would recommend keeping the plant away from heating systems and radiators due to their dry and arid environment.
Don’t place Peperomia orba in closed rooms with poor air circulation.
Peperomia orba is to be fertilized with well-strengthened fertilizers or a half-strength dose of balanced houseplant fertilizers.
Fertilize Peperomia orba once a month or every two weeks in the growing season’s summer and spring, while in the winter and autumn, it’s better to reduce fertilizer application.
Peperomia orba can be fertilized with liquid fertilizer or even controlled-release fertilizer pellets at the beginning of the growing season.
There is no hurry to repot Peperomia orba as it loves to be root-bound. Even if you want to repot, it’s best to do it after 3-5 years; the ideal time to repot would be early-spring. Try not to disturb or damage the roots when repotting.
Choose a terra-cotta pot about an inch bigger than the previous pot for Peperomia orba for good air circulation. Ensure there are enough holes in the pot for good drainage, and always use fresh soil for repotting.
Peperomia orba keeps its shape well, but you can trim any unusual stems. You can cut off the uncontrolled growth to maintain the plant shape. I would also cut off the infected parts or the stem that are prone to wilting.
Peperomia orba is easy to propagate, and the ideal time to do it is early spring to late winters.
- Trim a stem about 1-2 inches, which has 2-3 leaves attached to it
- Then dip the bottom of cuttings into rooting hormone
- Allow the stem cutting to dry for at least a day before putting it in the soil
- Bury the cutting into a new pot with peat-based compost
- Provide water and place it in indirect sunlight
- After 2-3 weeks, new growth, as well as root formation, would be seen
- I would prohibit covering the Peperomia orba as it is succulent and excessive humidity would drench the leaves
- When the cuttings have appropriately grown, shift them to individual pots
- Cut off a stalk about 1 inch.
- Place it in a cup of water.
- Roots formation would be seen approximately after about six weeks.
- When roots are visible, transplant them to a new pot.
- Provide a humid environment, and the new pot must have suitable drainage holes.
- This method includes leaves; cut a leaf from where the petiole crosses with the stem.
- Dip the tip of leaf-cutting into the rooting hormone.
- Place the leaf-cutting upright into the soil and slightly push the leaf into the soil.
- It would not topple over this way, but cut it in half if the leaves are too big.
- Cover the pot with a plastic wrap with holes made in it.
- I would also use two sticks to keep it help up above the Peperomia orba leaf.
- Make sure to keep it away from full sunlight.
- The soil should be moist, not wet.
- Remove the plastic bag once every few days for air ventilation; otherwise, the leaves would rot.
Peperomia orba blooms are present in greenish-white and greenish-yellow formations with the shape of panicle flower spikes. This plant usually blooms in the late summer period. The blooms are not very exciting and reach a maximum size of 1 inch only.
Peperomia orba is a fast-growing plant, but it reaches maturity in about 7-10 years. Peperomia orba is mostly kept for their beautiful and unique foliages. It grows up to 4-6 inches, while it spreads 6-12 inches in width.
The foliages are waxy, hairy texture with grayish-green small leaves consisting of a white striped pattern in the leaves’ middle. This plant is named Teardrop because the leaves have the shape of teardrops.
The leaves are about 1-4 inches in length with trailing stems in red color, and the petioles are also mostly seen in red variation.
Sieh dir diesen Beitrag auf Instagram an
Common Problems for Peperomia orba
Fungus gnats are small flies that look like mosquitos, they are about 1/12 to 1/16 inches long, and they mostly feed on organic matter found in the potting mixture; they tend to invade the soil in the pot.
They are quite fond of moisture and humidity so that a slime trail could be seen on the plant surface.
Fungus gnats could be controlled with yellow sticky traps, and raw potato chunks could also be used to keep the larvae away from the roots.
They can be easily removed with the aid of biological pesticides. Be careful not to over-water Peperomia orba.
Beneficial nematodes and neem oil are also effective against the early stage of larvae. If you don’t want to use toxic products, use the help of flying insect spray, which contains natural ingredients to fight fungus gnats.
Mealybugs are small insects that are a type of scale insects. After feeding on the plant juices, they produce honeydew, a sugary content leading to sooty mold. This leads to wilting, yellowing of leaves, and deformation.
Mealybugs could be seen in the form of a white, cloudy substance on the leaves’ surface. They are usually hidden beneath the cloudy substance.
To control mealybugs, use a cotton swab, dip it in isopropyl alcohol and then rub it on the infected area.
Use beneficial bugs like ladybugs to counterattack the mealybugs; neem oil spray also works perfectly against the mealybugs.
Make sure not to over-water the Peperomia orba as mealybugs are a massive fan of moisture.
Thrips are small, winged insects; they suck the plant nutrients leading to the leaves’ silvering. Thrips are about 1/20 inches long, and they vary from black to yellow to white variation. Thrips infestation can be seen in the form of distorted growth and scar formation.
Yellow sticky traps can be used against them. Insecticidal soaps and neem oil is also a great preventive measure.
Scale insects are pests that suck on the plant sap leaving honeydew that forms sooty mold, another fungus that infects the plant. They are about 1/8 inches long and are protected by a hard covering over their bodies.
Scale insects can be prevented by pruning the infected parts, dabbing the scale insects with neem oil cotton swabs. Beneficial bugs like ladybugs can also be used to finish the larvae. The most effective solutions are organic insecticidal and horticultural soaps.
Spider mites are not insects but are relatives of ticks and scorpions. The reddish-brown variety is the most common one.
They are about 1/50 inches in size. They are also sap-sucking pests that feed on the plant juices and mostly attack in colonies.
Their presence can be seen in the shape of wrinkled or yellow leaves. Spider mites love the warm environment and increase quickly—they are visible on the leaves in the large infestation.
Spider mites are vulnerable to insecticidal soap and neem oil. Don’t over-water Peperomia orba, as it would create extra humidity. Prune the infected parts of the plant, and apply a spray of horticulture oil.
If the infestation is high, use a medium toxic pesticide and then release predatory mites on Peperomia orba to control the population.
Yellowing of the Leaves
The yellowing of the leaves of Peperomia orba is mostly related to the deficiency of care for the plant. It occurs due to high sunlight or direct exposure to the sunlight. Also, excessive watering leads to root rot, which also another common problem for the foliar plants.
If there are frequent fluctuations in the temperature, the Peperomia orba would be unable to survive.
So please do keep it away from cold spaces. Also, avoid pruning and repotting at an early stage. If you still cannot make the Peperomia orba healthy, pruning the leaves would save other foliages.
This is one of the common problems with the Peperomia family; root rot has several reasons that make the Peperomia orba prone to weak and unstable growth. When the Peperomia orba is not getting enough oxygen from the soil, furthermore waterlogged soil will make the conditions worse.
Whenever you are about to shift Peperomia orba to a new pot, make sure to use the suitable potting mixture and don’t over-water it, especially in winters.
Please ensure there are no air pockets in the soil around the plant. The soil should be evenly surrounding the roots for proper nutrient distribution.
Tips for Growing Peperomia orba
- Ensure Peperomia orba receives indirect sunlight or dappled sunlight; cannot withstand direct sunlight.
- Avoid over-watering as Peperomia orba would fall prey to root rot.
- I would recommend draining the soil once every season to prevent salts from getting accumulated.
- Ensure Peperomia orba humidity is medium; prefers to be in a warm environment.
- Don’t over-fertilize; otherwise, Peperomia orba would become weak and wrinkle.
- Don’t repot early when the plant is still young and weak.
Frequently Asked Questions about Peperomia orba
Is Peperomia orba easy to take care of and grow?
Peperomia orba is easy to take care of and grow; just like the Peperomia family, they require little attention and grow up to become beautiful plants.
Is Peperomia orba poisonous or toxic to animals and children?
Peperomia orba doesn’t contain any substance that can be harmful to their health, so no, they are not. But still, it’s best to keep the toddlers away from messing the plant up.
Is Peperomia orba invasive to the house?
Peperomia orba is a small plant that can adjust to any part of the house, and they are mostly compact, so they don’t cause much trouble and can look pretty from any angle or spot.
Why is Peperomia orba known as a radiator plant?
Peperomia orba is called a radiator plant because they are warmth-loving plants. Still, they cannot thrive at a high-temperature level, so it’s best to keep Peperomia orba away from it.
Does Peperomia orba bloom?
In March, Peperomia orba blooms when it’s the start of spring, but the blooms are not as attractive as the foliage. The blooms are unscented and simple.
Why is Peperomia orba’s foliage turning yellow?
This happens due to the deficiency of nutrients in the fertilizers. Make sure to provide a balanced fertilizer, especially in the growing season.
Why are the leaves of Peperomia orba wilting?
This is due to the lack of fertilizers, so I recommend using a balanced fertilizer for foliage’s healthy and lavish growth.
Peperomia orba can be placed anywhere and doesn’t cause much trouble for new gardeners with its size.
Its foliage spreads like a tropical wave across the house, making you feel calm and relaxed. With its exotic appearance, Peperomia orba can be hung in small baskets to create an aesthetic look.
As ornamental leaves sprout out, Peperomia orba gives the feeling of an artistic plant that decorates a boring indoor area. This plant is great for offices as well; you can keep it on your desk or a nearby window.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.