Bermuda grass, also known as Cynodon dactylon, devil’s grass, and wiregrass according to Clemson University, can be found worldwide and is an invasive species. It builds a dense mat and grows deep roots that reach up to 6.6 feet under the ground (2 meters). It is very durable and tough and survives hot and dry summers.
This grass is native to Africa and is used as a playing surface in NFL and MLB arenas, as well as golf courses and tennis courts. It is appreciated for its erosion prevention and capabilities due to its extensive root system.
Cynodon dactylon is a great choice for oceanfront properties as it has a great salt tolerance.
Bermuda grass or Cynodon dactylon is a perennial heat and drought-tolerant grass growing in subtropical and tropical regions. It is used for lawns, parks, and playing fields and is known to be invasive. It also tolerates salt well, making it the perfect choice for oceanfront properties.
1. Bermuda Grass Care
Sunlight: This grass prefers full sunlight. It has a low shade tolerance and should not be grown under trees.
Temperature: The ideal temperature is between 75-99 °F (24 and 37 °C). Growth stops at temperatures below 59 °F (15 °C).
Hardiness zones: This grass grows in USDA hardiness zones 7-10.
Humidity: Cynodon dactylon prefers high humidity above 50%.
Watering: Provide 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water in addition to occurring rainfall
Fertilizer: Needs a lot of fertilizer
Pests: It is susceptible to multiple pests such as moles crickets and grubs.
2. Bermuda Grass Benefits
- Easy to establish
- Grows rapidly
- Heat tolerance
- Salt tolerance
- Drought tolerance
- Can take high humidity
- Traffick tolerance
- Stress resilience
- Grows on hard surfaces
- Grows on shallow surfaces
3. Bermuda Grass Disadvantages
- Low cold tolerance
- High fertilizer needs
- Invasive species
- Hard to get rid of as it produces seeds (the nonhybrid varieties)
- Will push out other plants
4. How to Get Rid of Bermuda Grass
Since Cynodon dactylon is very tough and grows strong roots more than 6 feet deep into the ground (2 meters), using herbicides such as glyphosate is a common way to get rid of if according to Sunset.
Solarizing according to Arti Kirch, UC Master Gardener means that you are heating up the soil to a level where no grass can survive. It is done during the hottest time of the year depending on where you are located this migh be at different times.
To solarize Bermuda grass you are cutting it down as much as possible and adding water. Then you cover the grass using polyethylene.
The plastic needs to be on top of the grass for at least 4-6 weeks and needs to cover all of the areas. It is important to cover all the grass stolons.
Another method to get rid of Cynodon dactylon is called drying and turning. It involves withholding water in summer and turning or spading the top few inches of soil several times in the summer.
5. Bermuda Grass vs St. Augustine Grass
A grass that is often compared with Bermuda grass is St. Augustine grass. The main difference between the two types of grass is that St. Augustine grass tolerates shade much better. Cynodon dactylon needs full sun to thrive. However, both kinds of grass are very tough and are suitable for warmer regions.
Conclusion About Bermuda Grass
Bermuda grass is a perennial grass that is tough and perfectly suited for warmer regions. It withstands droughts, has a high salt tolerance, and also takes trafficking well. Unsuitable places are colder regions. Make sure to have designated areas for it to grow as it is growing fast and hard to get rid of once established.
Taking care of houseplants and gardening are my greatest passions. I am transforming my apartment into an urban jungle and am growing veggies in my indoor and outdoor garden year-round.