The Monstera Deliciosa is a part of the Monstera species that is known for its evergreen tropical plants. This plant is part of the Aroid family and was formally recognized by the botanical world in the 20th century, but it was well known in Central America long before that.
The Monstera Deliciosa is one of the few Aroid plants that are capable of growing fruits when planted outdoors. However, it rarely produces any flowers or edible fruits when grown indoors.
How Do You Take Cuttings From Monstera Deliciosa?
There are two ways through which you can take cuttings from your Monstera Deliciosa. One is through stem cuttings, and the other method is by air layering. Taking cuttings from your plant allows you to further expand your indoor or outdoor garden. This method is most commonly known as propagation. When you propagate your Monstera Deliciosa, you must ensure that the cutting contains a part of the main stem and a node, or else your plant will not grow.
Propagating Monstera Deliciosa Through Stem Cuttings
1) Look for a Node
When you take cuttings from your Monstera Deliciosa, you must ensure that it is done close to the node. The node is a little nub present on your plant stem, and it is the only way you can propagate your plant.
The node is the area from where the roots sprout. It looks like a small bump or pimple on the plant and is located near the petiole intersection.
2) Cut the Stem
Take sharp shears or a knife, and start cutting your stem a little below the node. Make sure that the stem has a few leaves present on it.
Once you have snipped off the stem, take the cutting and wash it with filtered water.
3) Cut Off Extra Leaves
If there are excess leaves present on the stem, then you must snip them off. Your stem should have no more than two or three leaves present on it.
Make sure that the excess leaves are not cut from the top area of the stem.
4) Place Your Cutting in Water
Take a glass jar and fill it with filtered water that is at room temperature. Place your plant cutting in the glass jar.
5) Position Your Cutting
You can use a pole or some form of a stand to help keep your Monstera Deliciosa upright. Since this is a climbing plant, you will need to provide it with support so that it grows tall and not wide.
Place your Monstera Deliciosa close to a window so that it can receive bright, indirect sunlight. Never place your plant under direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves.
Propagating Monstera Deliciosa Through the Air Layering Method
This method of propagation is best if you want to ensure to have roots ready before you take a cutting. To successfully propagate your Monstera Deliciosa, you will need to use a sharp knife or cutting tool, a toothpick, sphagnum moss, and clear plastic.
1) Examine Your Monstera Deliciosa
You will need to first examine your Monstera Deliciosa to find the spot from where you want the roots of the new plant to grow from. Try to choose a spot that is six inches below an area where leaf growth occurs.
2) Make A Cut
Use a sharp and sanitized blade. Start making an upward diagonal cut that is one-third of the way through the stem.
3) Insert the Toothpick
Insert a toothpick sideways into the stem cutting so that it remains open through the rooting process. You can apply rooting hormone to help speed up the process, but this step is not necessary.
4) Add the Sphagnum Moss
Take a handful of sphagnum moss (make sure it is moist) and tie it around the stem cutting with the help of the twine.
5) Using the Plastic Bag/ Sheet
Take the plastic bag or plastic sheet, and tie it around the ball of sphagnum moss; this will help it retain moisture.
6) New Roots
Take care of your Monstera Deliciosa in the same way as before. Once new roots start to develop in a few months, you must remove the plastic around the sphagnum moss and make a small cut through the stem, just below the new growth.
Plant your Monstera Deliciosa into a pot without removing the moss from the roots. Make sure to add all-purpose soil into the pot along with the previous sphagnum moss.
Factors That Effect Propagation Success for Monstera Deliciosa
Time of the Year
You do not need to set a specific time to take cuttings from your Monstera Deliciosa. However, it is important to remember that propagating your plant in autumn and winter will cause slower growth since most plants are dormant in that season.
Temperature and Light
Monstera Deliciosa cuttings grow best in warm and bright areas. Your plant will show faster growth if it is kept under bright indirect sunlight, compared to low light.
In colder areas, you can use a heating pad, as it has been proven to speed up the propagation process.
Feel the soil at least once a week and see if it feels slightly dry. Only if it is just slightly dry should you consider watering it again.
Many growers suggest covering the cut stem with a plastic bag to increase the humidity when propagating. This is a neat way to increase humidity but you will make sure that the air does not become stagnant.
So lifting the plastic from the stem every couple of days is advised.
Stems that are longer and have more nodes present on them tend to produce more new growth. This is important for Monstera Deliciosa since it is a climbing plant and grows on one long stem.
If your cutting has several leaf sprouts on multiple nodes there are more chances for your cutting to grow into a new plant.
But usually, only one node will develop new growth. Many may start but the energy in the cutting is normal only sufficient to maintain one new growth point and the rest will be abandoned.
Initially, choosing water as your propagation medium is the best option since you can see the new growth and roots immediately. But larger cuttings that have leaves and aerial roots are propagated better in soil.
Soaghnum Moss and perlite are also viable alternatives.
Choice of Water
You can place your cuttings in tap water, but if your tap water is hard, do not use artificially softened water. Your best option is to use rainwater or distilled water.
Try to use light, free-draining potting compost for your Monstera Deliciosa as it gets older. Make sure that the pH of the soil is between 5.5 to 7.0 (slightly acidic to neutral).
The most efficient and easiest way to pot your cutting is by placing the stem one inch deep and vertically into the soil. Your stem node does not need to be above the soil as the new leaf growth will eventually push to the surface.
But also a horizontal placement and laying your stem above ground usually works well.
Frequently Asked Questions about taking cuttings from Monstera Deliciosa
When should I propagate my Monstera Deliciosa?
Spring or Summer are considered to be the best seasons to propagate Monstera Deliciosa. This is when it goes through a growth spurt. You can also propagate your Monstera Deliciosa in Autumn and Winter, but growth might be considerably slower as well as the chances of success.
Can you grow Monstera Deliciosa in water?
You can easily grow your Monstera Deliciosa in water but not indefinitely and you must take a few precautions, such as changing the water every other day. Adding nutrients will also become a necessity after a while.
What equipment’s should I use for propagating my Monstera Deliciosa?
The most important equipment for propagating your Monstera Deliciosa are shears or a knife. You must ensure that your equipment is sharp and sanitized before making any cuttings to prevent the spread of disease-causing pathogens.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.