Have you ever googled how to take care of the Philodendron Hastatum and had no luck in finding a complete care guide?
Well, search no more. You have found the perfect one.
If you wish to look after your friend the proper way, read on to reveal this closely guarded secret (wink).
The Philodendron hastatum is a wonderful-looking plant that can make a welcome addition to your indoor space.
Its nickname, the Silver Sword Philodendron, derives from its amazing silvery-blue, almost mirror-like foliage that leaves you breathless.
Due to its arrow/sword-shaped glossy leaves, it has a marvelous appearance.
As the plant grows and matures, the leaves become more arrow-shaped, even triangular, and can reach one meter in height.
This vining Philodendron Hastatum has a thick stem structure and has a climbing growth habit, so if you desire your friend to grow in an attractive formation, get a coco pole, a trellis, or a moss poll so it can reach its full potential.
If you fail to do so, your philodendron can grow straggly and drooping and certainly not graceful.
Here are our basic care tips for Philodendron Hastatum.
- 1 Philodendron Hastatum Plant Care Guide
- 2 Propagation more in-depth different methods and Step by Step
- 3 Common Problems with the Philodendron Hastatum
- 4 Tips to keep the Philodendron Hastatum problem-free
- 5 Philodendron Hastatum: FAQ
- 6 Conclusion
Philodendron Hastatum Plant Care Guide
The Philodendron Hastatum is ordinarily not a tough cookie regarding maintenance, this being the reason why it is so popular in the category of house plants.
Some say it is harder to find them, as they are quite rare than to take care of them.
Like other aroid plants, the Philodendron Hastatums prefer loose and well-draining soil, where water can easily percolate.
It likes moisture and soil with high organic matter, but it doesn’t want its roots to be soaking wet because as a result, you may face rotten roots.
And you do not want to be the culprit for your plant’s death.
Many Philodendrons, including the Hastatum, enjoy sunlight but are not fond of direct sunlight so be cautious it does not touch the leaves of your plant friend as it can burn them quickly.
The best solution would be to find a partly shaded spot, 70 to 85% sunlight, close to a window. Given the glossy foliage, the Hastatum can cope with lower light conditions, but this is not ideal.
Now and then, it is common for the older leaves to become yellow but if this happens to several leaves it is a clear indication of too much light exposure.
On the other hand, a sign of low light exposure is a leggy stem.
I know some people prefer their plants looking sparser and with smaller leaves, but if you choose a spot with perfect lighting, your Hastatum’s foliage will grow thicker and closer together so it looks full and healthy.
Philodendron Hastatums are quite straightforward to care for, as long as you water them properly and their soil is well-drained.
To accomplish this, you would need to water it twice or three times a week during summer and spring months which are periods of growth, and decrease this amount and reduce your watering schedule during winter months.
Make sure the topsoil (1-2 inches) is dry before you rewater the Silver Sword.
An additional piece of advice – try to wipe or clean the leaves of your Hastatum. Maybe even rinse with water to keep them squeaky clean.
Originating from the rainforests in Brazil and some parts of Rio de Janeiro, the Philodendron Hastatum is a tropical plant and is used to being warm. It can grow well in some parts of Australia, too.
The optimal temperature range for the Hastatum would be between 65° and 80° Fahrenheit during the day and around 60° at night.
Thus, I advise you to take it inside during the colder seasons to prevent it from dying in the frost.
As we are talking about a plant native to rain forests, we can confidently state it likes a humid environment, and you should try to keep humidity levels in the average area, even increase it artificially, if your home is extremely dry.
An indication of a dry atmosphere is yellow and droopy leaves and this shows you it is time to install a humidifier.
Feed your Philodendron with fertilized soil rich in macro-nutrients. A balanced and healthy, nutritional fertilization will show on the plant – it will grow fast and show a magnificent foliage.
In spring and summer, fertilizing should be done monthly to encourage healthy growth, and once in 6 to 8 weeks in fall and winter.
Also, avoid low-cost fertilizers, as they can oversaturate the soil with too much salt and destroy the plant.
Th general rule of thumb is to err on the side of caution when applying fertilizer.
Under-fertilizing does usually not do all too much harm, while over-fertilizing might result in the death of your lovely Philodendron Hastatum.
When you are ready you can effortlessly propagate your Silver Sword through stem cuttings. These stem cuttings can either be propagated in water or directly in soil.
It is crucial to wear gloves and wash your hands after getting the job done as the Silver Sword has some toxic components, so you need to make sure you don’t touch the surface directly.
Personally, I would characterize the growth of the Silver Sword as a medium to large and quite fast, given they can grow up to 3 meters in height and 1.5 meters in width and they are able to create a new leaf each month.
That’s pretty fast if you ask me.
Some wild Hastatums are even capable of growing twice in height.
Just remember, the looser the roots are, the taller your plant will be.
When I touch on potting, the fundamental thing is to acquire a pot that has drainage holes to prevent the soil from becoming too wet and moist. Just tend to this matter and you are all set to go.
Additionally, round pots have proven to be the most desirable for Hastatums.
Also, It is possible to place your Silver Sword in a hanging basket.
Propagation more in-depth different methods and Step by Step
Philodendron Hastatum is quite easy to propagate.
All you need to have are some gloves and clean and sharp tools, in this case, gardening scissors.
Cut off a segment of the stem including one or a few nodes and a couple of leaves. A node is the thicker bump or place where the roots are forming. They are easy to spot.
Place the stem cutting in water and wait for several weeks, even a month and you will see roots slowly forming.
The water where your baby Hastatum is living needs to be changed regularly to make it comfortable for healthy growth.
Keep an eye on the sunlight, too.
The next step is to pot it nicely with nutritionally rich soil and water by instruction in the very moment you notice the roots are at least a few inches long.
In the following weeks, your baby is going to grow its first new leaves.
After that, take care of it and you have a new member of your plant family, or you can bring it as a gift for a fellow plant-lover.
Common Problems with the Philodendron Hastatum
Like every plant, the Silver Sword comes along with some issues.
Philodendron Hastatum Plant Pests
You can wipe off mealybugs with cotton balls dipped in rubbing alcohol.
Periodically showering the plant with water and applying insecticidal soap will help keep pests away.
Another species that often attack the Hastatums are Red Spider Mites, tiny pests, not so easy to notice but they are spread throughout the whole world. One hint you can look for is little cobwebs forming on the leaves.
Another type of pests that commonly attack houseplants are thrips, also tiny insects that “travel” together, in groups, and are attracted to lighter colored leaves so they may give you a nip if you are wearing light clothing.
Discoloration of Foliage
Another matter we need to discuss in this guide is the discoloration of foliage.
According to the College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, browning or yellow leaves may indicate too much or overwatering too much sunlight, and a pot oversaturated by fertilizer.
Remember the Hastatums are toxic and should be strictly kept away from animals and children, and you should always have your gardening gloves on before you touch the Silver Sword.
Tips to keep the Philodendron Hastatum problem-free
The Philodendron Hastatum is pretty easy to handle, a low-maintenance plant friend.
If you succeed in finding the perfect sport regarding sunlight, it is going to be more than thankful and give your eyes the everyday pleasure of look at its glamorous, powerful appearance.
You need to water it regularly making sure that the first three inches of soil are dry, to avoid over-moisturizing and make sure to re-pot it if it starts filling up the base of the pot quickly.
Remember to buy fast-draining soil to avoid the plant standing in water and make sure it is full of rich and healthy nutritional elements.
Your Silver Sword is not going to cope well with the cold so if it outside, bring it in during the colder season. After all, it is a plant of tropical origin.
Being tropical, it like humidity so if your environment is particularly dry, obtain an artificial humidifier if you wish the best life for your plant friend.
Philodendron Hastatum: FAQ
How big does a Philodendron Hastatum get?
It can grow up to 2 meters in height if it is normal-sized and some can even exceed and grow up to 3 meters.
How often do I need to water it?
If you see that the top 2 or 3 inches of soil are dry, stop thinking about it and water your friend.
When is the time to re-pot?
Simply, when you see that its roots are becoming too strong and big for the current pot, switch to a bigger one.
The Silver Sword is usually admired for its unique and marvelous foliage color. It is quite rare to see metallic-looking leaves, leaves that are sometimes blue and sometimes gray, and in the shape of an arrow or a heart.
The climbing habit it has makes it perfect for your design, meaning you can put a pole or a climbing wall and picture how that part of your house or apartment is going to look like after the Hastatum fills it up with is glorious appearance.
One fact that makes it more difficult to handle is the toxicity, so you should maybe think twice about acquiring the Hastatum if you have younger children or many pet friends.
On the other hand, if not, this is going to make a fine addition to your décor. And as a bonus, you receive an air purifier.
I hope this guide has been helpful for you and if you are a true plant lover, I recommend other great care guides such as the one we crafted for Philodendron Billietiae and many other Philodendrons, whose appearance just wows you at first sight.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.