The Monstera adansonii variation laniata is actually the most common Monstera type in the US. There is an ongoing debate on whether var. laniata is rare or common and there are countless posts online arguing about the differences between Monstera Adansonii, Adansonii var. laniata, and Monstera lechleriana.
The Monstera adansonii var. laniata needs indirect sunlight. You want to use well-draining soil because it needs the perfect hydration balance. And make sure the soil is always slightly moist.
This plant is a subspecies of the Monstera adansonii. It originates from South America. It’s a climber that can grow to great heights.
The juvenile plant has green and narrow leaves. Once the plant is mature, it develops Swiss cheese looking holes in the leaves. The holes on the leaves of the Monstera Adansonii var. laniata are closer to the midrib compared to the Monstera Adansonii and they are often highly fenestrated. This is why the Monstera adansonii plant is called the “Swiss Cheese Plant”.
This particular plant may be hard to find but it’s not hard to care for. The care is like the care of most Monstera species.
To give you a helping hand with your Monstera adansonii var. laniata, we wrote this article. Everything you could need to know about its care is in this article.
- 1 Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata Plant Care
- 2 Common Problems with the Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata
- 3 Tips for an Unhealthy Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata
- 4 Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata FAQ
- 5 Conclusion
Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata Plant Care
The soil for the Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant should always be well-draining. Well-draining soil offers two major benefits for this type of plant.
First, this type of soil helps to prevent under-watering. It holds all the moisture your plant needs for days at a time. Most well-draining soils use sphagnum peat-moss to absorb water.
Second, it also prevents over-watering. Once the soil holds onto the needed moisture, it allows the excess to drain to the bottom. Perlite or pumice is a great ingredient to add for water drainage.
We can’t emphasize enough how bad over-watering is for your plant. It can lead to a variety of plant diseases and it even attracts pests.
Saturated soil prevents oxygen from coming in. Without oxygen, the roots of a plant can die. When all the roots die, your plant will die.
This is called root rot and it’s one of the worst conditions that over-watering causes.
The Monstera adansonii var. laniata needs indirect sunlight. Even though it’s considered a tropical plant, direct sunlight scorches the leaves. It can even dehydrate this type of plant.
You need to place your plant in either a north or east-facing window during the morning sun. According to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, make sure you rotate your plant. Otherwise, light is going to hit only one side of your plant.
Once the sun gets more intense, you should move it to an area of your home that has partial shade. This way the plant’s not getting too much light throughout the day.
If you use artificial lights, set the Monstera adansonii var. laniata a few inches away from the light.
A Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant thirsts for slightly moist soil.
Keep in mind, the soil should be moist but never saturated. It’s hard to keep a nice balance but please avoid over-watering your plant.
The soil should be able to tell you whether it needs moisture or not. Stick your finger into the soil, down to your big knuckle. This is about two to three inches deep.
When the soil is moist down to your fingertip, wait to water your plant. When the soil is dry down to your fingertip, water it right away.
This means you should check the soil at least three times a week. The temperature can determine how long the soil will hold the moisture. The colder the temperature, the longer the moisture is going to hang out.
A Monstera adansonii var. Laniata should be in an environment ranging from 60F (16C) to 80F (26C).
This plant doesn’t like cold weather or freezing temperatures. It can stunt the plant’s growth or stop it altogether.
Always keep it away from air conditioning or any cold drafts in your home.
The Monstera adansonii var. laniata doesn’t need high humidity but it sure makes a difference. We suggest a humidity level of 60%+ up to 90% for optimal conditions.
But this plant will also grow with lower humidity levels.
There are several ways to create humidity in your home. It helps to invest in a hygrometer. These devices measure the amount of humidity in the surrounding area. You’ll always know if you’re hitting the mark or not.
If you live in a dry environment, you’ll want to consider buying a humidifier. It creates humidity and gives you some control.
An easy method is to spritz your plants whenever the humidity drops in the room. All you have to do is spray the leaves of your plant. Make sure you don’t overdo it, you don’t want to drown the roots.
Another method is the pebble tray method. You start by filling a tray to the top with pebbles. Then you fill the tray with water. The water shouldn’t flow over the pebbles at all.
Once it’s ready, you only sit the plant pot on the pebbles. The water will evaporate slowly, which creates moisture in the air.
Normal houseplant fertilizer works fine for the Monstera adansonii var. laniata. If you’re concerned about the strength of the fertilizer, try half-strength instead.
You need to fertilize the plant every three weeks or so during the growing season. But don’t fertilize once the cold months hit in autumn and winter.
You have two choices when it comes to propagating the Monstera adansonii var. laniata.
You can propagate with stem cuttings in soil. Or you can propagate with stem cuttings in water. Keep reading to learn how to do both methods.
The Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant can grow to be 12 feet in height. As long as it’s given the space, this plant gets pretty all. The leaves can grow to be up to 24 inches in length.
You know when your Monstera adansonii var. Laniata plant needs re-potting. You’ll see the roots coming through the drainage holes. On average, you’ll be re-potting this plant every one to two years.
When you do go to re-pot this Monstera plant, use a plant pot that’s only a bit bigger than the original.
The roots on this plant get stressed out if there’s too much room to stretch. And a stressed plant is more susceptible to plant diseases and plant pests.
Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata Propagation Steps
The fun thing about the Monstera adansonii var. laniata is that you have options when it comes to propagation.
We’re going to go over the two easiest propagation methods. You’ll learn how to propagate with stem cuttings in soil. And you’ll learn how to propagate with stem cuttings in water.
Using Stem Cuttings and Soil
- You need to get your Monstera adansonii var. laniata stem cutting. And that stem cutting should be at least three inches in length. Make sure there are two leaves attached to the cutting. You can cut from the stem of the original plant with pruning shears. Isopropyl alcohol works well to sterilize the shears.
- You want to cure your stem cutting. This allows the cut end to callous out. And the calloused end promotes rooting. To cure the stem cutting, you only have to leave it out for a week in a warm environment.
- While you’re waiting, get the plant pot ready. The plant pot should always have drainage holes to prevent over-watering. Make sure you’re using well-draining soil.
- When your stem cutting is ready, it’s time to plant it. Stick the cut end of the stem cutting into the soil. It should be at least three inches deep. Pack the soil around the cutting tight. This usually helps keep the stem cutting standing straight up.
- If you do struggle with keeping the stem cutting up, you can use a straw. Stick the straw into the soil with a few inches above the soil. Tie a string connecting the stem cutting to the straw.
- You need to make sure your Monstera is getting bright but indirect sunlight. Remember to move it from the window to inside your home after the morning is over. Keep the soil moist but never saturated.
Using Stem Cuttings and Water
- Like with a stem cutting for soil, you need a cutting that’s three to four inches in length. There should be two leaves attached to the stem cutting, if not more. You’ll want to use sterilized pruning shears to do this. You can use 70% isopropyl alcohol for sterilization.
- You’re going to cure the Monstera adansonii var. laniata stem cutting. Let it sit in a warm environment for around a week. This allows the end of the stem cutting to callous over.
- You’re going to need a jar or pitcher for the next step. Place the stem cuttings into the jar and fill it with room temperature water. Make sure not to soak the leaves or submerge the stem cutting all the way. If you’re using tap water, leave the water out for a night before you use it. This allows chlorine to dissipate so it won’t harm your Monstera plant.
- You need to switch out the water for fresh water at least once a week. Otherwise, bacteria will grow and infect your plant.
- It takes at least a month for the roots to be long enough to move. In the meantime, get your plant pot ready. The plant pot needs to have drainage holes at the bottom. And you should be using well-draining soil.
- When the roots are at least three inches in length, you can move it from the jar to the pot. Be careful not to injure the roots of your plant and make sure they’re all the way under the soil. Pack the soil tight around the new plant to hold it up.
- It’s time to care for your new Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant. Place it in a window during the morning. Once the morning sun is gone, move it inside your home so it gets partial shade. Keep the soil moist.
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Varieties of Monsteras
Monstera plants are gorgeous tropical plants. And they’re simple to care for. If you don’t enjoy the Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant, there are plenty more to check out.
Here are some other amazing Monstera species.
This plant is a fun and funky green plant. It has a gorgeous shiny sheen. The oval leaves grow to be bigger than average. Unlike many other Monsteras, this one doesn’t have holes in the leaves.
The Monstera obliqua plant is still not easy to find on the market and much rarer compared to Monstera adansonii var. laniata, although this plant has become more available in recent times. Its most well know type is the Monstera Obliqua Peru that produces largely fenestrations leaves. It makes you wonder how the leaves stay together.
The Monstera pinnatipartita plant grows to be tall. And the leaves grow to be pretty large as they fan out from the plant.
This Monstera isn’t an actual Monstera but looks so much like one, we had to add it to the list. Its real name is the Rhaphidophora tetrasperma. The leaves have holes like many Monstera plants. These holes almost take over the entire leaf.
Common Problems with the Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata
Monstera plants are prone to plant pests. Which is why it’s super important to check every plant before you bring it into your home. This is the easiest way to get a pest infestation.
Over-watering is also another major way to attract plant pests. Over-watered plants get stressed out and sick. Plant pests love stressed plants.
Thrips love the Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant. These plant pests are hard to see. But you know you have an infestation when you see white larvae or tiny brown insects with wings.
If you shake the plant, it startles the adult thrips. They try to fly away but they can’t get very far. They have weak and thin wings.
Thrips feed on the sap on your plant. When an infestation grows, there are hundreds of pests stealing nourishment. This can lead to stunted growth. A bad infestation left untouched can lead to the plant’s death.
Mealybugs love all plants. So, it’s not surprising to come across this plant infestation no matter what type of plants you care for.
You know you have a mealybug infestation when you see a substance that resembles cotton. This cotton covers the pest’s body to protect it.
The mealybug steals the hydration and nutrients from your plant. They have straw and needle-like mouths. They use their mouths to pierce the leaves of a plant. Then they suck up the sap.
Spider mites are another common plant pest for this Monstera plant. Unlike the others on this list, spider mites aren’t insects. They’re arachnids with eight legs.
These tiny spiders are difficult to see. You can place a white sheet of paper under your plant. Shake the plant gently. A bunch of tiny black dots will fall onto the paper. If you look close enough, you should see their little legs.
When you catch a plant infestation early, you can trim the affected leaves. This should get rid of the pests right away. But it’s rare to catch an infestation when it’s still so small.
Neem oil is our favorite way to rid plants of pests. It’s an all-natural oil. You still want to test a small area of your plant to make sure there isn’t an adverse reaction. But most plants get along well with neem oil.
You start by diluting the neem oil with water in a spray bottle. Shake the liquids up. Then you can spray your plant down.
This type of oil is heavy. So, it weighs the pests down and even suffocates them. They die within minutes. All you have to do now is to wipe the plant down to remove the dead insects.
You want to repeat this process three days later. This makes sure you get all the pests and their eggs or larvae.
Tips for an Unhealthy Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata
The Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant is good at letting you know it’s unwell. It drops you hints by how the leaves are fairing.
Down below we’ll give you some tips on the most common problems you’ll face.
Your Monstera Adansonii Var. Laniata Leaves are Brown
A Monstera adansonii var. Laniata with brown leaves is a sign for several ailments. But the most common causes are from a lack of light or over-watering.
If you’re not sure which is the problem, stick your finger in the soil. You should be able to tell if it’s moist or saturated. Check the bottom of the plant pot to make sure there isn’t excess water hiding out.
If everything looks good, your issue is a lack of light. Keep your Monstera in the window for a longer time before you transition to partial shade. Always rotate the plant whenever possible. This makes sure all areas of your plant are getting plenty of sunlight.
When you’re using an artificial light, try moving it closer to the light. If this doesn’t work, consider using sunlight instead.
Your Monstera Adansonii Var. Laniata’s Leaves are Crisp
When your Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant has crisp leaves, you’re dealing with too much sunlight.
You can fix this by lessening your plant’s time in the light. Don’t keep it in the window as long.
Make sure it’s not getting direct sunlight. Or move it further from the artificial light if need be.
You’ll want to prune the damaged leaves. You can do this with a pair of sterilized pruning shears.
Once you remedy the situation, the plant will be fine. There won’t be any further damage coming for your plant.
Your Monstera Adansonii Var. Laniata Plant has Brown Spots
Brown spots on a Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant is a sign of Leaf Spot Disease. It can sometimes make it look like there are scorch marks on the leaves.
Leaf Spot can be caused by either fungi or bacteria. It spreads the quickest during humid conditions.
You want to treat Leaf Spot right away so it doesn’t spread to all your plant. The first thing you need to do is to remove all infected leaves. Use sterilized pruning shears to remove them. Make sure you get rid of these infected parts as soon as possible.
If the infection is serious, consider using a fungicide for indoor plants. Keep in mind, fungicides don’t fix infected leaves. Fungicides only stop the fungi from spreading. You need to use it during the spring season.
You always want to test an area of your plant to make sure it can handle the chemicals. This should be a last resort.
Monstera Adansonii Variation Laniata FAQ
Is the Monstera adansonii var. Laniata toxic to pets?
Yes, the Monstera adansonii var. laniata is toxic to both pets and humans. It can swell up the throat and make it difficult to breathe. Go to the doctor or vet right away if ingested.
Do I need to prune my Monstera adansonii var. laniata?
Yes, you need to prune your Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant. This plant grows fast. To keep a healthy growth going, you need to prune from time to time. Plus, the plant can get leggy if you don’t.
Should I pot my Monstera adansonii var. laniata or put it in a hanging basket?
This is all up to you. The Monstera adansonii var. laniata plant fairs well in both a plant pot and a hanging basket. If you chose a plant pot, you’ll need a moss pole eventually.
The Monstera adansonii var. Laniata in my opinion is the most beautiful variation of the Monstera adansonii and the true OG for every lover of fenestrated leaves.